Al Qaeda is a good example of this, because of their ultra-extreme ideology and inherent uncontrollability
. In addition, a particularly savage or nihilistic outlook can have obvious tactical and psychological benefits for any armed group, but will also tend to alienate popular support (potentially even leading to a backlash), incur a stronger response from adversaries, and increase the degree of risk and uncertainty for a potential state sponsor.
The therapist therefore works with a client not on the content of their thoughts but on their beliefs about their thoughts; for instance they may question metacognitive beliefs about the uncontrollability
of thoughts, or the need to continuously ruminate (for example they might challenge a hypochondriac by asking what is the point in repeatedly worrying that you have heart disease).
Stress can be induced by a sense of uncontrollability
, which in turn is increased by a sense of meaninglessness.
According to Seligman (1975), the expectancy of no control is the critical independent variable for the occurrence of learned helplessness, not the uncontrollability
However, some researches show that subjects pre-exposed to uncontrollability
learn the escape response, depending on the properties of the test contingency such as the contiguity of the consequence and the specific discriminative control.
In Rahner's words, then, Christian hope "is a process of constantly eliminating the provisional in order to make room for the radical and pure uncontrollability
The scales are named as stress, threat, challenge, centrality, control by self, control by others and uncontrollability
. The threat, challenge, centrality scales measure primary appraisal and the latter 3 scale (i.e.
Avoidance coping was predicted by appraisal of centrality, controllability by others and uncontrollability
. Appraisal of challenge and centrality emerged as significant predictors of Religious coping strategies.
And then is when also uncontrollability
appears; facing an uncertain situation, the worker has no chance to take any choice, losing almost every possibility of control over the future of his work.
He prized the individual conscience, freedom of thought, the uncontrollability
of human expression beyond anything else.
For example, EA correlates with measures of anxiety and depression, and increased feelings of panic and perceived uncontrollability
in response to an induction of acute emotional distress (Feldner, Zvolensky, Eifert & Spira, 2003).