of the Quran, 36), paradise (193), Shariah (128-29, 173), revival (265), martyrdom (145), apocalyptic and conquest themes (54), and visions of Allah (54, 202-3) and Muhammad (42).
In the thirteenth century, "thinkers outside the theology faculty came under attack from theologians who accused them from sharing not only Aristotle's beliefs in natural philosophy but also his pagan ideas about the uncreatedness
of the world.
One chapter deals with exegetical principles and another resurrects a medieval controversy: the notion of the createdness or uncreatedness
of the [Qur.
Even many who defended the uncreatedness
of the Qur an seem to have been aware of the dangers inherent in simply equating that with verbal inspiration.
For example, he and his eastern colleagues regularly speak of a certain Mafrughiyya sect, unknown to the standard writers but associated in Maturidite theological works with arguments concerning the uncreatedness