under-


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under-

pref.
1. Beneath or below in position: underground.
2. Inferior or subordinate in rank or importance: undersecretary.
3. Less in degree, rate, or quantity than normal or proper: undersized.

[Middle English, from Old English; see n̥dher- in Indo-European roots.]

under-

prefix
1. below or beneath: underarm; underground.
2. of lesser importance or lower rank: undersecretary.
3. to a lesser degree than is proper; insufficient or insufficiently: undercharge; underemployed.
4. indicating secrecy or deception: underhand.

un•der

(ˈʌn dər)

prep.
1. beneath and covered by: under a tree.
2. below the surface of: under water.
3. at a point lower than: a bump just under his eye.
4. in the position of sustaining, enduring, etc.: to sink under a heavy load.
5. beneath the cover or disguise of: registered under a pseudonym.
6. beneath the heading of: Classify the books under “Fiction.”
7. below in degree, amount, etc.; less than: purchased under cost.
8. below in rank.
9. subject to the authority or influence of: a bureau under the president.
10. in accordance with: under the provisions of the law.
11. during the administration or reign of: laws passed under President Lincoln.
12. in the state or process of: under construction.
adv.
13. below or beneath something: Go over the fence, not under.
14. beneath the surface.
15. in a lower degree, amount, etc.: shirts for $25 and under.
16. in a subordinate position or condition.
17. go under,
a. to give in; succumb.
b. to fail in business.
adj.
18. located beneath or on the underside.
19. lower in position.
20. lower in degree, amount, rank, etc.
21. subject to the control, effect, etc., as of a person, drug, or force: I was under throughout the surgery.
[before 900; Middle English, Old English < Latin inferus located below]

under-

a prefixal use of under, as to indicate place or situation below or beneath (underbrush; undertow); lower in grade or dignity (undersheriff; understudy); of lesser degree, extent, or amount (undersized); or insufficiency (underfeed).
[Middle English; Old English]
Translations

under-

[ˈʌndəʳ] PREFIX
1. (= insufficiently) → poco, insuficientemente
under-preparedpoco or insuficientemente preparado
2. (= less than) an under-15 (= child) → un menor de 15 años
the Spanish under-21 teamla selección española sub-21
3. [part etc] → bajo, inferior; [clothing] → interior; (in rank) → subalterno, segundo
the under-cookel/la cocinero/a ayudante or auxiliar

under-

[ˈʌndər-] prefix
(= insufficiently) → sous-
underpriced → sous-évalué(e)
undercooked → pas assez cuit(e)
(= lower in rank) → sous-
undermanager → sous-directeur

under-

pref
(in rank) → Unter-; for the under-twelves/-eighteens/-fortiesfür Kinder unter zwölf/Jugendliche unter achtzehn/Leute unter vierzig
(= insufficiently)zu wenig, ungenügend

under

(ˈandə) preposition
1. in or to a position lower than, or covered by. Your pencil is under the chair; Strange plants grow under the sea.
2. less than, or lower in rank than. Children under five should not cross the street alone; You can do the job in under an hour.
3. subject to the authority of. As a foreman, he has about fifty workers under him.
4. used to express various states. The fort was under attack; The business improved under the new management; The matter is under consideration/discussion.
adverb
in or to a lower position, rank etc. The swimmer surfaced and went under again; children aged seven and under.
under-
1. beneath, as in underline.
2. too little, as in underpay.
3. lower in rank. the under-manager.
4. less in age than. a nursery for under-fives (= children aged four and under).
References in classic literature ?
By re- membering it I have been able to understand many people and things that I was never able to under- stand before.
He never could under- stand how I survived it, and I didn't tell him.
As the boys steadily and monotonously drove the raft toward mid-stream it was no doubt under- stood that these orders were given only for "style," and were not intended to mean anything in par- ticular.
I pretended not to be interested in what they said, and treated them as if I did not under- stand them; for I feared they might be treacherous.