Despite the overall reduction of the undercount
estimate, the demographers found more undocumented immigrants than they had expected.
He said that during the last census in 1991, Brent, in North London, had the worst record for people not returning forms and its local authority was thought to have failed to attract pounds 200million of funding as a consequence of the undercount
The manual recount of presidential ballots subsequently conducted by newspapers indicates Bush probably would have won the presidential election even if the Supreme Court had not stopped the recount in its tracks.(3) And because the census appears to have been successful in reducing the undercount
to its lowest level in American history, any need for statistical adjustment has diminished dramatically.(4) One cannot help but ask whether the sound and fury of either controversy, in the end, signified anything of lasting political importance.
Wajir leaders fear a dramatic undercount
because they say there are too few census takers, too little transport money and enumeration sites are widely separated and hard to access.
Foes of the citizenship question fear it would lead to an undercount
of minority groups, particularly Hispanics.
Joined by the court's four liberals, Chief Justice John Roberts called the Trump administration's rationale for including the question "contrived" and added, "we cannot ignore the disconnect between the decision made and the explanation given." Inclusion of the question could have led to an undercount
of California's large population of unauthorised immigrants, not to mention people of colour, especially Latinos; low-income people; renters; children; young men and limited English speakers, among others.
And even with its best efforts, there may be a larger net undercount
of the total population.
Dating to the 1990s, research has shown estimates of Medicaid coverage based on the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC) have consistently produced an undercount
of beneficiaries compared to Medicaid enrollment records.
Missing less than 5 percent of the population might seem unimportant given the size of the country, but even a 1 percent undercount
could cost a state a U.S.
Those groups allege that the addition of the citizenship question is unconstitutional because it will lead to a disproportionate undercount
of Latino and Asian residents, non-citizens and their family members.
Advocacy groups and city officials are concerned about an undercount
in the looming 2020 census that could have a major impact on funding, and they're looking to the real estate industry for help.