Types Unipolar and bipolar depression If the predominant feature is a depressed mood, it is called unipolar depression
. However, if it is characterized by both manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal mood, it is referred to as bipolar disorder (previously called manic depression).
Bipolar spectrum disorders typically begin earlier in life than unipolar depression
. (10,16-19) A typical presentation of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents is depression or agitated mixed states with features of both mania and depression, often accompanied by rapid mood cycling.
Mental disorders which are commonly found worldwide are: Schizophrenia, Bipolar Depression, Unipolar Depression
, Anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders, and Substance Dependency.
The current symptoms of bipolar depression have been thought by many to be similar to those seen in unipolar depression
. Yet it seems that there are subtle differences in the phenomenological representation of unipolar and bipolar depression.
The depressive symptoms of BPD and unipolar depression
, or major depressive disorder (MDD), are similar, making it difficult to distinguish between the disorders.
This approach creates a large gray area in which diagnoses can fall, making it more difficult to distinguish between bipolar and unipolar depression
, as well as tough to distinguish psychotic and non-psychotic illnesses.
The answer, based upon a study of all 123,712 patients hospitalized for severe unipolar depression
in Finland during 1987-2012, might come as a surprise.
Almost every individual has depression in any stage of life and depression causes negative impact on personal and social life.10 There are many types of depression that include: biological depression, situational, bipolar depression, unipolar depression
, postpartum depre ssion, psychotic depression and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.11
The relapse rates were similar in patients with unipolar depression
and bipolar disorders.
was the third leading cause of disease burden worldwide in 2004; it was in eighth place in low-income countries, but first place in middle- and high-income countries.
The depressive phase, which is called "bipolar depression" and is distinct from the unipolar depression
of major depressive disorder, can trigger thoughts of suicide (suicide ideation).
'Non-adherence to depression treatment is a common clinical problem globally,' wrote Sohini Banerjee and Ravi Prasad Varma in their study about unipolar depression