Accordingly, it is logically impossible to conclusively verify a universal proposition
, but a single counter-instance conclusively falsifies the corresponding universal law.
"What I see at the moment, and what I'm very interested in with Wang Jianwei's work is that it's not making a proposition for China or for understanding China," Berghuis says, "but rather a more universal proposition
for considering art and this particular moment through time.
Equally brooding, each brief, epigrammatic text declares its author's truth concerning the thinning of existence or our impaired knowledge of it: a universal proposition
that the photograph can only particularize.
In itself it is not a law; it is a formula by which a particular form of generalization or law can be made, namely, a universal proposition
(43) The universal proposition
or universal law is of the if-then variety and suggests a causal relationship.
There is no antecedent universal proposition
which can be laid down because of which the functions of a state should be limited or expanded."
The second objection grants that the modal facts need explaining, but asks why they cannot be explained by means of a simple addition to the deflationist account of all the relevant modal propositions (if the theory is infinite) or of some appropriate modal universal proposition
(if the theory is finite).(22)
But this universal proposition
is false, since something false is subordinated to it [[Greek Text Omitted]].
In a commensurately universal proposition
, the subject and predicate are convertible, that is, if the proposition is true, the converse is also true.
Ignoring the problems with universality mentioned above, suppose we were in possession of a true universal proposition
covering dynamical systems which did not express any regularity of these systems.
Recall that epistemonikon, the faculty by which universal propositions
are comprehended, is, unlike any material entity, unchanging; it does not move (ou kineitai).
. They cannot be falsified by a single exception.' Friedman admits that the correspondences between economic growth and various measures of moral progress are not precise.
By 'complete knowledge' Muslim philosophers of science mean knowledge of the essential nature of all things comprised in the domain of reality under study, including knowledge of the relationships between them formulated in the form of laws or universal propositions
. This knowledge is arrived at through a long process and this process has been described earlier.