It is also a disadvantage that potential employment is unobservable
and must be estimated, and that both actual and potential total factor productivity are unobservable
Aggregate measures can be preferred to individual measures because they increase the sample size available to infer upstream agents' unobservable
acts and because they serve as an avenue for measurement errors to cancel.
In the first chapter, the authors argued that any achievement differences between poor children in public and private schools must be due to unobservable
differences in those children's families.
Due to the inherent limitations of statistical analysis, one cannot determine whether these differences by race, sex, and other factors are a result of discrimination, other forms of bias, or variations in currently unobservable
Both earnings quality and auditors' industry specialization are unobservable
characteristics, and previous studies have used different measures to capture them.
Previous work indicating the importance of measures of cash flow, suggests the possibility that the availability of internal funds, not considered in the model, is corrected with the unobservable
Econ., 2001], it is assumed that the institutional tendency to terminate its football coach at the end of year t is given by an unobservable
The inclusion of a frailty component is allowed for modeling unobservable
Because the possible price is unobservable
, it is difficult to estimate its probability distribution.
Having established a connection between anonymity expectations and privacy interests, von Hirsch goes on to argue that CCTV surveillance violates these identified conventions by exposing individuals to the possibility of prolonged scrutiny from unobservable
Given the sizeable number of learning strategy studies to date, many research tools have already been developed to aid the researcher in identifying the "unobservable
", namely language learning strategy questionnaires.
In the first group, problems deal with the distinction between observable objects or properties and the unobservable
ones, and with the various attempts to eliminate the latter.