Clinicopathological manifestations of PCV2 infection are wasting (i.e., loss of weight), unthriftiness
, skin paleness, jaundice, enlarged lymph nodes, and diarrhoea [25, 89, 90].
Frederick Morton Eden, in his influential 1797 publication The State of the Poor, had already posed such an argument, claiming that stingy employers and ambitious industrialists were not to blame for the plight of the poor, but rather that the cause was the latter's "own improvidence and unthriftiness
contortus is an abomasal nematode which imbibes approximately 0.05 mL blood/day causing anaemia, weight loss, unthriftiness
and mortality during hyper-acute stage (Miller et al., 1998; Notter et al., 2003).
Clinical syndromes of selenium deficiency include white muscle disease (nutritional muscular dystrophy) in ruminants (Ammerman and Miller 1975; Swecker, 1997), along with reduced appetite, growth, production and reproductive fertility, retained placenta, general unthriftiness
and muscular weakness, increased susceptibility to mastitis (Blood and Radostits, 1989).
Significant morbidity characterized by anemia, weight loss, unthriftiness
and mortality in hyper acute infection have been observed (Notter et al., 2003).
The most prominent clinical signs were depression, unthriftiness
, and wasting.
At best, these worms tend to be more troublesome for kids and goats with other health challenges, causing unthriftiness
and diarrhea, but not anemia.
Selenium responsive unthriftiness
of young merino sheep in central victoria.