While classic Utopian fiction draws on a number of textual mechanisms to mark the Utopian society as non-existent--among others, the distant and unspecified location of utopia, the unverifiability
of the narrative, and the distancing effect of multiple frames (cf.
"What are the ultimate limits to computational techniques: verifier theory and unverifiability
." Physica Scripta 92(9):093001.
The confessional writer inevitably separates himself from the 'I' of the written discourse, because of the inherent unverifiability
of his references.
Mueller's First Lemma also contains a Catholic Corollary: "The readiness of Catholic economists to accuse one another of heresy is proportional to the logical insufficiency of and, thus, lack of empirical support for their economic theories." In reduced form, combining Mueller's Lemma and both corollaries I deduce that "the asperity among economists, up to heresy charges, is proportional to their theories' incongruence with Scholastic economic theory and, thus, unverifiability
(16) In James's famous 1906 lecture series on pragmatism, he dispensed with transcendental ideals because of their ultimate unverifiability
and insisted instead on practical effects.
Foucault notes that this design "assures the automatic functioning of power" by arranging for the visibility of the vestiges of power (the inmates can see the watchtower even if not the watchman) and the unverifiability
of that power: the inmates are never certain whether they are being watched, only that they maybe watched (201).
The creation of a conversational partner is prominently symbolic in so far as it points to the "unverifiability
which stands watch, at times ironically, over the impulse to verify and to corroborate tales" (Sanders 2000:34).
And what distinguishes this new theory of ethical choice from an older theory of the autonomous liberal subject is the self-consciously unverifiable status of the alterity that the ethical subject seeks to produce--an unverifiability
that retains the post-structuralist's skepticism about knowledge as a tool of hegemony while bestowing upon epistemological uncertainty a positive ethical content.
(48) See Goetz & Scott, supra note 10, at 1296 (discussing likely error costs of judicial enforcement in this area); Scott, supra note 46, at 87-90 (portraying the unverifiability
of information like a party's valuation of the contract as a barrier to the efficient formation of contracts); Scott, supra note 30, at 1687 (analyzing the role of indefiniteness in the resolution of contract suits).
The accused queen contrasts the unverifiability
of her virtue with the speedy spread of the rumor of its demise in an important apostrophe: "report is plumed with Time's feathers, and envy oftentimes soundeth Fame's trumpet: thy suspected adultery shall fly in the air and thy known virtues shall lie hid in the earth" (192).
In the unmodified underlining game, the unverifiability
of individual contributions to team research gives junior authors a valuable bargaining chip.
Chicago schooler Robert Bork has been so bold as to celebrate the empirical unverifiability
of price theory.(62) These tendencies have, for example, led the Kodak Court to describe the defendant's neoclassical theory as "the simple assumption that the equipment and service markets act as pure complements.(63) In contrast, postclassical concepts such as "lockin" and oligopoly theory are seen as lenses that magnify the imperfections working in real markets.