extremity

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ex·trem·i·ty

 (ĭk-strĕm′ĭ-tē)
n. pl. ex·trem·i·ties
1. The outermost or farthest point or portion: at the extremity of the peninsula.
2. The greatest or utmost degree: the extremity of despair.
3. Grave danger, necessity, or distress: people in extremity.
4. An extreme or severe measure: had to resort to extremities in the crisis.
5.
a. A bodily limb: She is in a wheelchair because of weakness of the lower extremities.
b. extremities The hands and feet: Frostbite affects the extremities first.

extremity

(ɪkˈstrɛmɪtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. the farthest or outermost point or section; termination
2. the greatest or most intense degree
3. an extreme condition or state, as of adversity or disease
4. (Anatomy) a limb, such as a leg, arm, or wing, or the part of such a limb farthest from the trunk
5. (usually plural) archaic a drastic or severe measure

ex•trem•i•ty

(ɪkˈstrɛm ɪ ti)

n., pl. -ties.
1. the extreme or terminal point, limit, or part of something.
2. a limb of the body.
3. Usu., extremities. the end part of a limb, as a hand or foot.
4. Often, extremities. a condition of extreme need or danger.
5. an utmost degree: the extremity of joy.
6. a drastic measure or effort: to go to any extremity to succeed.
7. extreme character: the extremity of his views.
8. a person's last moment before death.
[1325–75; Middle English < Latin]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.extremity - an external body part that projects from the bodyextremity - an external body part that projects from the body; "it is important to keep the extremities warm"
chelicera - either of the first pair of fang-like appendages near the mouth of an arachnid; often modified for grasping and piercing
mouthpart - any part of the mouth of an insect or other arthropod especially one adapted to a specific way of feeding
fang - an appendage of insects that is capable of injecting venom; usually evolved from the legs
chela, nipper, pincer, claw - a grasping structure on the limb of a crustacean or other arthropods
parapodium - one of a pair of fleshy appendages of a polychete annelid that functions in locomotion and breathing
fin - organ of locomotion and balance in fishes and some other aquatic animals
pleopod, swimmeret - one of the paired abdominal appendages of certain aquatic crustaceans that function primarily for carrying the eggs in females and are usually adapted for swimming
external body part - any body part visible externally
limb - one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper
dactyl, digit - a finger or toe in human beings or corresponding body part in other vertebrates
2.extremity - an extreme condition or state (especially of adversity or disease)
adversity, hard knocks, hardship - a state of misfortune or affliction; "debt-ridden farmers struggling with adversity"; "a life of hardship"
bitter end - the final extremity (however unpleasant it may be); "he was determined to fight to the bitter end"
3.extremity - the greatest or utmost degree; "the extremity of despair"
ultimacy, ultimateness - the state or degree of being ultimate; the final or most extreme in degree or size or time or distance, "the ultimacy of these social values"
4.extremity - the outermost or farthest region or point
boundary, bounds, bound - the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something
end, terminal - either extremity of something that has length; "the end of the pier"; "she knotted the end of the thread"; "they rode to the end of the line"; "the terminals of the anterior arches of the fornix"
extreme point, extremum, extreme - the point located farthest from the middle of something
limit - as far as something can go
region, part - the extended spatial location of something; "the farming regions of France"; "religions in all parts of the world"; "regions of outer space"
5.extremity - that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso
external body part - any body part visible externally
limb - one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper
pedal extremity, vertebrate foot - the extremity of the limb in vertebrates
hand, manus, mitt, paw - the (prehensile) extremity of the superior limb; "he had the hands of a surgeon"; "he extended his mitt"
finger - any of the terminal members of the hand (sometimes excepting the thumb); "her fingers were long and thin"
toe - one of the digits of the foot

extremity

noun
2. depth, height, excess, climax, consummation, acuteness his lack of restraint in the extremity of his grief
3. crisis, trouble, emergency, disaster, setback, pinch, plight, hardship, adversity, dire straits, exigency, extreme suffering Even in extremity, she never lost her sense of humour.
plural noun
1. hands and feet, limbs, fingers and toes Rheumatoid arthritis affects the extremities and limbs.

extremity

noun
A highly volatile dangerous situation requiring immediate remedial action:
Translations
أطراف الجِسِمدرجَه قُصْوىضيق، شَدَّهطَرَف
končetina
elendighedfødderhænderlemyderlighed
szélsőségvégletvégtag
hámark, hæsta stigneyî, hörmungarútlimirystu mörk
najvyššia miera
extremitet
aşırı dereceel ve ayaklartehlikeli durum

extremity

[ɪksˈtremɪtɪ] N
1. (= end) (usu pl) → extremo m, punta f
2. (fig) [of despair etc] → extremo m
in his extremity, he went to her for helpante la necesidad, acudió a ella en busca de ayuda
3. extremities (Anat) → extremidades fpl

extremity

[ɪkˈstrɛmɪti]
n
(= furthest part) → extrémité f
(= severity) [climate, situation] → dureté f extremities
npl (= hands and feet) → extrémités fpl

extremity

n
(= furthest point)äußerstes Ende; at the northerly extremity of the continentam nördlichsten Zipfel des Kontinents
extremities pl (= hands and feet)Extremitäten pl
(= extreme degree) in the extremity of his despairin tiefster or äußerster Verzweiflung
(= state of need, distress)Not f; he was reduced to the extremity of having to sell his businesser musste zum äußersten Mittel schreiten und sein Geschäft verkaufen
(= extreme actions) to resort to extremitieszu äußersten or extremen Mitteln greifen; to drive somebody to extremitiesjdn zum Äußersten treiben

extremity

[ɪksˈtrɛmɪtɪ] n (gen) → estremità f inv (fig) (of despair) → culmine

extreme

(ikˈstriːm) adjective
1. very great, especially much more than usual. extreme pleasure; He is in extreme pain.
2. very far or furthest in any direction, especially out from the centre. the extreme south-western tip of England; Politically, he belongs to the extreme left.
3. very violent or strong; not ordinary or usual. He holds extreme views on education.
noun
1. something as far, or as different, as possible from something else. the extremes of sadness and joy.
2. the greatest degree of any state, especially if unpleasant. The extremes of heat in the desert make life uncomfortable.
exˈtremely adverb
very. extremely kind.
exˈtremism noun
the holding of views which are as far from being moderate as possible.
exˈtremist noun, adjective
exˈtremity (-ˈstre-) plural exˈtremities noun
1. the farthest point. The two poles represent the extremities of the earth's axis.
2. an extreme degree; the quality of being extreme. Their suffering reached such extremities that many died.
3. a situation of great danger or distress. They need help in this extremity.
4. the parts of the body furthest from the middle eg the hands and feet.
in the extreme
very. dangerous in the extreme.
to extremes
very far, especially further than is thought to be reasonable. She can never express an opinion without going to extremes.

ex·trem·i·ty

n. extremidad, parte terminal.

extremity

n (pl -ties) extremidad f
References in classic literature ?
The silk was doubled, at the upper extremity of the oval, where most of the strain would come.
The path soon led deeper into the woodland, and crossed more than one brook, the approach to which was rendered perilous by the marshes through which it flowed; but the stranger seemed to know, as if by instinct, the soundest ground and the safest points of passage; and by dint of caution and attention, brought the party safely into a wilder avenue than any they had yet seen; and, pointing to a large low irregular building at the upper extremity, he said to the Prior,
They brought two thick posts, terminated at their lower extremities in spreading timber supports, which made them stand readily upon the ground; to the upper extremity of the two posts they fitted a cross-beam, and the whole constituted a very pretty portable gibbet, which Gringoire had the satisfaction of beholding rise before him, in a twinkling.
The figure terminated at its upper extremity in a large, smooth, white round face -- like a moon -- encircled by a cap and green ribbons, and dimly irradiated by eyes of mild and faded blue, which looked straightforward into vacancy, and took not the smallest notice of Magdalen's appearance, on the opening of the door.
Three male participants with a mild to moderate deficits of upper extremity motor function due to a first supratentorial chronic stroke (6 to 24 months duration) in the middle cerebral artery territory were recruited after being discharged from rehabilitation (Table 1).
She lectured nationally and internationally on a wide variety of topics related to the hand and to upper extremity rehabilitation and splinting.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) as a complication of upper extremity DVT is rare as compared to lower extremity DVT [9].
Fugl Meyer Assessment for the Upper Extremity results Variables Assessment Initial Interim Final Reflex activity 4 4 4 Volitional movement 15 15 16 within synergy, without gravitational help Volitional movement 3 3 5 mixing synergies without compensation Volitional movement 2 2 3 with little or no synergy Wrist 2 4 7 Hand 5 5 12 Coordination/speed 3 3 3 Total motor function 34 36 50 upper extremity (.../66) Sensation 12 12 12 Passive joint movement 22 24 24 Joint pain 20 24 24 Total Fugl Meyer-Upper 88 96 110 Extremity (.../126)
Contrast venography is considered the reference standard for the diagnosis of upper extremity thrombosis, but is infrequently performed due its invasive nature and the availability of noninvasive alternatives.
Juvenile muscular atrophy of distal upper extremity (Hirayama Disease).
A larger body of research has been conducted on amputations involving the lower extremity as such amputations are far more common than those involving the upper extremity (86% compared to 14%).
(2) Involvement of the unilateral upper extremity almost always all the time