According to our correspondence a (2, 2) upstep indicates that the next heap forms a 132 pattern while a (1, 3) upstep indicates that the next heap in the forest forms a 123 pattern.
Let d be the number of downsteps immediately after the (1, 3) upstep corresponding to the last 123 pattern; then [?
Let d be the number of downsteps immediately after the (2, 2) upstep corresponding to the last 132 pattern; then [?
The first upstep is a (2, 2) step, so we begin with the forest 1 3 2.
para indicar que el ascenso es mayor de lo esperado (mas de 3 st), no para referirme al upstep
One might argue that floating tones should only be able to cause the phonetic component to manipulate pitch in the direction of the tonal range that it specifies; in that case, (5a) could only give rise to downstep, whereas the interpretation of (5b) as downstep or upstep would be language-specific--perhaps a more desirable result since we would otherwise lack a formal representation for upstep.
Tonal upstep in Krachi: Evidence for a register tier.
Additional contours--falling and rising--and tone adjustments, such as upstep
and downstep, might arise as the result of morphological and intonational processes.
El diacritico del segundo acento tonal indica un efecto de upstep
'escalonamiento ascendente' del tono en esa silaba acentuada.
Pitch-Transcription Symbols Higher [A] Lower [B] Same [C] Downstep [D] Upstep
[E] Top [F] Bottom [G]
Sosa's solution is the following: "La solucion que planteamos para dar cuenta de este efecto ha sido postular un efecto de upstep
puramente local producido por un tono de juntura inicial opcional H%, restringido a las preguntas absolutas, que elevaria la frecuencia de la primera silaba acentuada" (p.
A small Schroder path is a planar path from the origin to (n, 0) that is constructed from three types of line segment: upsteps
by (1,1), downsteps by (1, -1),and horizontal steps by (2,0), so that the path never falls below the horizontal axis and no horizontal step lies on the axis.