Just prior to the catheter insertion, she passed a 1 X 1 cm urinary calculus
. Her pain level improved after passing the calculus.
Based on the number of patients, urinary calculus
disease is the 3rd largest area in urology after urinary tract infection and prostate disease.
Second, the decision to intervene in a urinary calculus
may be influenced by many factors, including the objective characteristics of the patient, the preferences and clinical judgment of the individual urologist, institutional norms, and professionally specified treatment protocols.
The patients admitted in Surgery Ward with the symptoms of pain in abdomen, burning in micturition, frequency of micturition, dribbling or weak stream of urine, retention of urine, haematuria and other symptoms of uraemia, signs such as distension of bladder or abdominal tenderness were admitted in surgical wards as provisional diagnosed cases of urinary calculus
and were subjected to investigations including routine Hb%, TLC, DLC, RBS, urine analysis, renal function test, X-ray KUB region, USG and intravenous pyelography as and when required.
In addition, although fasting causes some changes in urinary metabolites, there is not enough evidence that these changes increase urinary calculus
Disease: A study of 267 cases at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore over 2 years.
Similarly, there is no consensus on the effects of mineral content of fresh water such as calcium and bicarbonate on the incidence of urinary calculus
. (20) In a recent study, (21) no correlation was found between the incidence of urinary calculus
and the amount of calcium, bicarbonate, or the total hardness of drinking water.
Conditions commonly referred for CTU include urinary calculus
disease, hematuria, flank and abdominal pain, suspected renal or urothelial neoplasm, a variety of inflammatory conditions, and congenital anomalies of the kidneys and ureters.
Hyperoxaluria and hypercalciuria performed as the frequent form of metabolic disorders (30-60%), and urinary calculus
contained calcium salts in of 80% of cases.