menstrual cycle

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Related to uterine cycle: Proliferative phase

men·stru·al cycle

The series of bodily changes in women and other female primates in which the lining of the uterus thickens to allow for implantation of a fertilized egg. The cycle takes about a month to complete, with ovulation usually occurring around the midway point. If the egg produced is not fertilized, the lining of the uterus breaks down and is discharged during menstruation.
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Noun1.menstrual cycle - a recurring cycle (beginning at menarche and ending at menopause) in which the endometrial lining of the uterus prepares for pregnancy; if pregnancy does not occur the lining is shed at menstruation; "the average menstrual cycle is 28 days"
oscillation, cycle - a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon; "a year constitutes a cycle of the seasons"
fertile period, fertile phase - the time in the menstrual cycle when fertilization is most likely to be possible (7 days before to 7 days after ovulation)
menstrual phase - the phase of the menstrual cycle during which the lining of the uterus is shed (the first day of menstrual flow is considered day 1 of the menstrual cycle)
luteal phase, secretory phase - the second half of the menstrual cycle after ovulation; the corpus luteum secretes progesterone which prepares the endometrium for the implantation of an embryo; if fertilization does not occur then menstrual flow begins
safe period - that time during a woman's menstrual cycle during which conception is least likely to occur (usually immediately before of after menstruation)
References in periodicals archive ?
The term menstruation and menses were derived from the Latin word; it means month.[1] Menstruation cycle is comprehended of two cycles, namely ovarian cycle and uterine cycle based on occurrences in the ovary and the uterus, respectively.[2] The ovarian cycle comprised three phases of follicular phase, ovulation, and luteal phase.
For study purpose uterine cycle is divided into 5 phases.
This phase in the uterine cycle, the proliferative phase, is marked by the regeneration of the functional layer and an increase in estrogen.