Use of technician scores for body condition, uterine tone and uterine discharge
in a model with disease and milk production parameters to predict pregnancy risk at first AI in Holstein dairy cows.
In the review by Sheldon et al (3), the authors propose that the definition of clinical endometriis in a cow is the presence of purulent uterine discharge
detectable in the vagina 21 days or more post partum, or mucopurulent discharge 26 days post partum.
A positive reaction to white side test could be explained on basis of number of leukocytes present in uterine discharge
Clinical endometritis is characterized by presence of purulent uterine discharge
detectable in vagina 21 days or more after parturition.
It could be explained on the basis of number of leucocytes present in uterine discharge
. Too low population of leucocytes in normal uterine discharge
can not cause any colour reaction, whereas the CVM from endometritic animals found to possess more number of leucocytes and cause the colour reaction White side test.
Endometritis is uterine inflammation without systemic illness characterized by muco-purulent or purulent uterine discharge
associated with chronic bacterial infection of uterus, occurring later than 3 weeks postpartum (Bondurant, 1999 and Lewis, 1997).
Puerperal metritis has been defined as condition when animal has an abnormally enlarged uterus and fetid watery red brown uterine discharge
associated with signs of systemic illness (decreased milk yield, dullness or other signs of toxemia) and fever >39.5[degrees]C, within 21 days after parturition.
Puerperal metritis is clinically characterized by fetid, red-brown, watery, uterine discharge
enlarged and friable uterus and signs of systemic illness (including pyrexia, reduced feed intake, reduced milk yield, dullness and circulatory disturbances) usually in first 10/11 days post partum (Sheldon et al., 2006; Azawi et al., 2007; Azawi et al., 2008; Azawi, 2013).
Metritis is characterized by enlarged uterus and watery red, brown fluid to viscous off white purulent uterine discharge
, which often has a fetid odour.
Puerperal metritis is characterized by fetid red brown watery uterine discharge
along with pyrexia (Drillich et al., 2001), reduced milk yield, dullness, inappetance or anorexia, elevated heart rate and apparent dehydration.
Positive reaction to white side test could be explained on basis of number of leucocytes present in uterine discharge