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 (vā-kā′shən, və-)
1. A period of time devoted to pleasure, rest, or relaxation, especially one with pay granted to an employee.
a. A holiday.
b. A fixed period of holidays, especially one during which a school, court, or business suspends activities.
3. The act or an instance of vacating.
intr.v. va·ca·tioned, va·ca·tion·ing, va·ca·tions
To take or spend a vacation.

[Middle English vacacioun, from Old French vacation, from Latin vacātiō, vacātiōn-, freedom from occupation, from vacātus, past participle of vacāre, to be empty, at leisure; see euə- in Indo-European roots.]

va·ca′tion·er, va·ca′tion·eer′ (-shə-nîr′) n.


(vəˈkeɪʃən; veɪˈkeɪʃən)
1. (Law) chiefly Brit a period of the year when the law courts or universities are closed
2. (Education) chiefly Brit a period of the year when the law courts or universities are closed
3. chiefly US and Canadian a period in which a break is taken from work or studies for rest, travel, or recreation. Also called (in Britain and certain other countries) holiday
4. the act of departing from or abandoning property, etc
(intr) US and Canadian to take a vacation; holiday
[C14: from Latin vacātiō freedom, from vacāre to be empty]
vaˈcationless adj


(veɪˈkeɪ ʃən, və-)
1. a period of suspension of regular work, study, or other activity, usu. used for rest, recreation, or travel.
2. freedom or release from duty, business, or activity.
3. an act or instance of vacating.
4. to take or have a vacation.
[1350–1400; Middle English vacacioun < Anglo-French < Latin vacātiō exemption from duty, vacation; see vacate, -tion]
va•ca′tion•er, va•ca′tion•ist, n.


- Coming from Latin vacation/vacatio, from vacare, "to be free, empty; to be at leisure," around 1395, this term entered Old English, meaning "rest and freedom from any activity."
See also related terms for leisure.


1. 'holiday'

In British English, you refer to a period of time that you are allowed to spend away from work or school as the holiday or the holidays.

The school had undergone repairs during the holiday.
One day after the Christmas holidays I rang her up.

You refer to a period of time spent away from home enjoying yourself as a holiday.

He thought that Vita needed a holiday.
I went to Marrakesh for a holiday.

When you spend a long period of time like this each year, you refer to it as your holidays.

Where are you going for your holidays?

Be Careful!
You usually use a determiner or a possessive in front of holiday or holidays. Don't say, for example, 'I went to Marrakesh for holidays.'

If you are on holiday, you are spending a period of time away from work or school, or you are spending some time away from home enjoying yourself.

Remember to turn off the gas when you go on holiday.

In American English, a holiday is a single day or group of days when people do not work, often to commemorate an important event.

In British English, a day like this is called a bank holiday or a public holiday.

When Americans talk about the holidays, they mean the period at the end of the year that includes Christmas and the New Year; sometimes Thanksgiving (at the end of November) is also included in this.

Now that the holidays are over, we should take down our Christmas tree.
2. 'vacation'

The usual American word for a longer period of time spent away from work or school, or for a period of time spent away from home enjoying yourself, is vacation.

Harold used to take a vacation at that time.


Past participle: vacationed
Gerund: vacationing

I vacation
you vacation
he/she/it vacations
we vacation
you vacation
they vacation
I vacationed
you vacationed
he/she/it vacationed
we vacationed
you vacationed
they vacationed
Present Continuous
I am vacationing
you are vacationing
he/she/it is vacationing
we are vacationing
you are vacationing
they are vacationing
Present Perfect
I have vacationed
you have vacationed
he/she/it has vacationed
we have vacationed
you have vacationed
they have vacationed
Past Continuous
I was vacationing
you were vacationing
he/she/it was vacationing
we were vacationing
you were vacationing
they were vacationing
Past Perfect
I had vacationed
you had vacationed
he/she/it had vacationed
we had vacationed
you had vacationed
they had vacationed
I will vacation
you will vacation
he/she/it will vacation
we will vacation
you will vacation
they will vacation
Future Perfect
I will have vacationed
you will have vacationed
he/she/it will have vacationed
we will have vacationed
you will have vacationed
they will have vacationed
Future Continuous
I will be vacationing
you will be vacationing
he/she/it will be vacationing
we will be vacationing
you will be vacationing
they will be vacationing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been vacationing
you have been vacationing
he/she/it has been vacationing
we have been vacationing
you have been vacationing
they have been vacationing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been vacationing
you will have been vacationing
he/she/it will have been vacationing
we will have been vacationing
you will have been vacationing
they will have been vacationing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been vacationing
you had been vacationing
he/she/it had been vacationing
we had been vacationing
you had been vacationing
they had been vacationing
I would vacation
you would vacation
he/she/it would vacation
we would vacation
you would vacation
they would vacation
Past Conditional
I would have vacationed
you would have vacationed
he/she/it would have vacationed
we would have vacationed
you would have vacationed
they would have vacationed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vacation - leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasurevacation - leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure; "we get two weeks of vacation every summer"; "we took a short holiday in Puerto Rico"
leisure, leisure time - time available for ease and relaxation; "his job left him little leisure"
half-term - a short vacation about halfway through a school term; "he came to visit at half-term"
vac - informal term for vacation
picnic, outing, field day - a day devoted to an outdoor social gathering
honeymoon - a holiday taken by a newly married couple
paid vacation - a vacation from work by an employee with pay granted
2.vacation - the act of making something legally void
abrogation, repeal, annulment - the act of abrogating; an official or legal cancellation
Verb1.vacation - spend or take a vacationvacation - spend or take a vacation    
spend, pass - pass time in a specific way; "how are you spending your summer vacation?"
honeymoon - spend a holiday after one's marriage; "they plan to honeymoon in Hawai'i"


1. holiday(s), leave, break, rest, tour, trip, time off, recess, hols (informal), leave of absence, furlough, mini-break, awayday During his vacation he visited Russia.
1. (U.S. & Canad.) holiday, visit, travel, tour, stay, be on holiday, take a break, sojourn, take a holiday, stop over He was vacationing in Jamaica and could not be reached.


A regularly scheduled period spent away from work or duty, often in recreation:
Chiefly British: holiday.
عُطْلَةعُطْلَهيَقْضي العُطْلَه
dovolenáprázdninytrávit dovolenou
ferieholde ferie=-ferie
szabadságszabadságra megyvakáció
fara í frísumarfrí
atostogautiatostogųper atostogas
atvaļinājumsbrīvdienaspavadīt brīvdienas/ atvaļinājumu
tráviť dovolenku
tatiltatile çıkmak/gitmek
ngày nghỉ


A. N
1. (esp Brit) (Jur) → receso m vacacional (frm), periodo m vacacional
2. (Univ) the long vacationlas vacaciones de verano
3. (US) (= holiday) → vacaciones fpl
to be on vacationestar de vacaciones
to take a vacationtomarse unas vacaciones
4. (= vacating) [of premises] → desalojo m
B. VI (US) → pasar las vacaciones
C. CPD vacation course Ncurso m extracurricular (durante las vacaciones); (in summer) → curso m de verano
vacation job Nempleo m de verano
vacation pay Npaga f de las vacaciones
vacation resort Ncentro m turístico
vacation season Ntemporada f de las vacaciones


(US)vacances fpl
to take a vacation → prendre des vacances
to be on vacation → être en vacances
to go on vacation → partir en vacances
(UNIVERSITY)vacances fpl
modif (US) [home, plans] → de vacances
a vacation package → un forfait vacances
vi (US)être en vacances
Myles vacationed in Jamaica → Myles passait ses vacances en Jamaïque.vacation course ncours mpl de vacances


(Univ) → Semesterferien pl; (Jur) → Gerichtsferien pl ? long vacation
(US) → Ferien pl, → Urlaub m; on vacationim or auf Urlaub; to take a vacationUrlaub machen; where are you going for your vacation?wohin fahren Sie in Urlaub?, wo machen Sie Urlaub?; to go on vacationauf Urlaub or in die Ferien gehen; vacation trip(Ferien)reise f
(of post)Aufgabe f; (of presidency etc)Niederlegung f; (of house)Räumung f
vi (US) → Urlaub or Ferien machen


[vəˈkeɪʃn] n (esp Am) → vacanza, ferie fpl (Univ) → vacanze fpl
on vacation → in vacanza, in ferie
to take a vacation → prendere una vacanza, prendere le ferie


(vəˈkeiʃən) , ((American) vei-) noun
a holiday. a summer vacation.
(American) to take a holiday. He vacationed in Paris last year.
on vacation
not working; having a holiday. She has gone to Italy on vacation.


عُطْلَة dovolená ferie Urlaub διακοπές vacaciones loma vacances odmor vacanza 休暇 휴일 vakantie ferie urlop férias отдых semester วันหยุด tatil ngày nghỉ 假日


n. vacaciones.
References in classic literature ?
On his vacations he became the third in the family, and to him was given the building of the fires, the sweeping, and the washing of the dishes.
But the sea was my delight; and I would often gladly pierce the town to obtain the pleasure of a walk beside it, whether with the pupils, or alone with my mother during the vacations. It was delightful to me at all times and seasons, but especially in the wild commotion of a rough sea-breeze, and in the brilliant freshness of a summer morning.
At the end of my second year at Hampton, by the help of some money sent me by my mother and brother John, supplemented by a small gift from one of the teachers at Hampton, I was enabled to return to my home in Malden, West Virginia, to spend my vacation. When I reached home I found that the salt-furnaces were not running, and that the coal-mine was not being operated on account of the miners being out on "strike." This was something which, it seemed, usually occurred whenever the men got two or three months ahead in their savings.
I did not go home for my first summer vacation, but stayed in Lincoln, working off a year's Greek, which had been my only condition on entering the freshman class.
His every movement is jealously watched by the police till he comes of age and presents himself for inspection; then he is either destroyed, if he is found to exceed the fixed margin of deviation, or else immured in a Government Office as a clerk of the seventh class; prevented from marriage; forced to drudge at an uninteresting occupation for a miserable stipend; obliged to live and board at the office, and to take even his vacation under close supervision; what wonder that human nature, even in the best and purest, is embittered and perverted by such surroundings!"
James Morland, before she remembered that her eldest brother had lately formed an intimacy with a young man of his own college, of the name of Thorpe; and that he had spent the last week of the Christmas vacation with his family, near London.
"I never enjoyed housekeeping, and I'm going to take a vacation today, and read, write, go visiting, and amuse myself."
His vacation had consumed nearly all he had earned in the laundry, and he was so far from his market that weeks must elapse before he could hope for the first returns from his hack-work.
"More than half my vacation gone, and I've only had a week of it!
But each vacation he brought home larger and larger drawings with the satiny rendering of landscape, and water-colors in vivid greens, together with manuscript books full of exercises and problems, in which the handwriting was all the finer because he gave his whole mind to it.
"And that vacation begins on the first of January and ends on the thirty-first of December?"
He was spending his summer vacation, as he always did, with his mother at Grand Isle.