valerian(redirected from valerians)
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Va·le·ri·an(və-lîr′ē-ən) Originally Publius Licinius Valerianus. Died c. ad 260.
Emperor of Rome (253-260) who, as coruler with his son Gallienus (c. 218-268), confronted invasions by the Goths and Persians. He was captured and killed by Persian forces (260).
1. Any of several plants of the family Valerianaceae, especially Valeriana officinalis, native to Eurasia and widely cultivated for its small, fragrant, white to pink or lavender flowers and for use in medicine.
2. The dried rhizomes of Valeriana officinalis, used medicinally as a sedative.
[Middle English, from Old French valeriane, from Medieval Latin valeriāna, probably from feminine of Latin Valeriānus, of Valeria, Roman province where the plant originated.]
1. (Plants) Also called: allheal any of various Eurasian valerianaceous plants of the genus Valeriana, esp V. officinalis, having small white or pinkish flowers and a medicinal root
2. (Pharmacology) a sedative drug made from the dried roots of V. officinalis
[C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin valeriana (herba) (herb) of Valerius, unexplained Latin personal name]
(Biography) Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianus. died 260 ad, Roman emperor (253–260): renewed persecution of the Christians; defeated by the Persians
va•le•ri•an(vəˈlɪər i ən)
1. any plant of the genus Valeriana, as the common valerian V. officinalis, having white, lavender, or pink flowers and a root that is used medicinally.
2. a drug consisting of or made from the root, formerly used as a nerve sedative and antispasmodic.
[1350–1400; Middle English valirian < Medieval Latin valeriāna]
Va•le•ri•an(vəˈlɪər i ən)
(Publius Licinius Valerianus), died A.D. c260, Roman emperor 253–60.
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|Noun||1.||valerian - a plant of the genus Valeriana having lobed or dissected leaves and cymose white or pink flowers|
flower - a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms