valeric acid

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Related to valeric acid: valproic acid, Isovaleric acid

va·le·ric acid

 (və-lîr′ĭk, -lĕr′-)
A colorless liquid, C5H10O2, used in flavorings, perfumes, plasticizers, and pharmaceuticals.

[valer(ian) (from its occurrence in the plant's root) + -ic.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

valeric acid

(Elements & Compounds) another name for pentanoic acid
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

va•ler′ic ac′id

(vəˈlɛr ɪk, -ˈlɪər-)
any of several isomeric organic acids having the formula C5H10O2, the common one being a liquid of pungent odor obtained from valerian roots: used chiefly as an intermediate in perfumery.
[1855–60; valer(ian) + -ic]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.valeric acid - a clear liquid carboxylic acid used in perfumes and drugs
carboxylic acid - an organic acid characterized by one or more carboxyl groups
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References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: This report researches the worldwide Valeric Acid market size (value, capacity, production and consumption) in key regions like North America, Europe, China and Japan.
Several techniques have been used to determine volatile fatty acids (VFA) absorption in vivo, such as the collection of portal blood (1); intraruminal infusion of radioactive (2) or stable VFA isotopes (3, 4); rumen evacuation and infusion of VFA into the washed ventral sac (5); continuous infusion of nonlabeled VFA into the intact ruminal digesta (6); and pulse-dose of valeric acid plus a marker of fluid passage (7) which may be mixed with the evacuated digesta (8) or mixed in locus (9).
Valproic acid is derived from valeric acid, a compound naturally found in the valerian plant (Valeriana officinalis).
Significant interactions between diet and supplement were observed for formic acid, propionic acid, isobutyric acid, valeric acid, and lactic acid concentrations.
Valeric acid and butyric acid decreased significantly in T1 and T2 while isovolaric acid and the ratio of acetic acid and propionic acid and glucose increased significantly in T1.
Most identified enhancers can be classified as: alcohols (ethanol, pentanol, benzyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, propylene glycols and glycerol), fatty acids (oleic acid, linoleic acid, valeric acid and lauric acid), amines (diethanolamine and triethanolamine), esters (isopropyl palmitate, isopropyl myristate and ethyl acetate), amides (1-dodecylazacycloheptane-2-one [AzoneA(r)], urea, dimethylacetamide, dimethylformamide and pyrrolidone derivatives), hydrocarbons (alkanes and squalene), surfactants (sodium laureate, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, BrijA(r), TweenA(r) and sodium cholate), terpenes (D-limonene, carvone and anise oil), sulfoxides (dimethyl sulfoxide) and phospholipids (lecithine).
The acid is different from the chelating agent and is selected from the group consisting of glycolic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, valeric acid, caproic acid, gluconic acid, itaconic acid, trichloroacetic acid, benzoic acid, urea hydrochloride, and combinations thereof.
From decomposed sewage or wastewater in these cesspits, inorganic acids including hydrogen sulfide or organic acids including acetic acid and valeric acid may be produced, and these acids accelerate corrosion of concrete.
Valeric acid has been widely used in perfumes and cosmetics industries due to its pleasant odour.
4,4,-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) valeric acid and 4-fluoro benzoic acid were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich and used as received.