valeric acid


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Related to valeric acid: valproic acid, Isovaleric acid

va·le·ric acid

 (və-lîr′ĭk, -lĕr′-)
n.
A colorless liquid, C5H10O2, used in flavorings, perfumes, plasticizers, and pharmaceuticals.

[valer(ian) (from its occurrence in the plant's root) + -ic.]

valeric acid

n
(Elements & Compounds) another name for pentanoic acid

va•ler′ic ac′id

(vəˈlɛr ɪk, -ˈlɪər-)
n.
any of several isomeric organic acids having the formula C5H10O2, the common one being a liquid of pungent odor obtained from valerian roots: used chiefly as an intermediate in perfumery.
[1855–60; valer(ian) + -ic]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.valeric acid - a clear liquid carboxylic acid used in perfumes and drugs
carboxylic acid - an organic acid characterized by one or more carboxyl groups
Translations
Valeriansäure
References in periodicals archive ?
Valeric acid and butyric acid decreased significantly in T1 and T2 while isovolaric acid and the ratio of acetic acid and propionic acid and glucose increased significantly in T1.
Most identified enhancers can be classified as: alcohols (ethanol, pentanol, benzyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, propylene glycols and glycerol), fatty acids (oleic acid, linoleic acid, valeric acid and lauric acid), amines (diethanolamine and triethanolamine), esters (isopropyl palmitate, isopropyl myristate and ethyl acetate), amides (1-dodecylazacycloheptane-2-one [AzoneA(r)], urea, dimethylacetamide, dimethylformamide and pyrrolidone derivatives), hydrocarbons (alkanes and squalene), surfactants (sodium laureate, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, BrijA(r), TweenA(r) and sodium cholate), terpenes (D-limonene, carvone and anise oil), sulfoxides (dimethyl sulfoxide) and phospholipids (lecithine).
The acid is different from the chelating agent and is selected from the group consisting of glycolic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, valeric acid, caproic acid, gluconic acid, itaconic acid, trichloroacetic acid, benzoic acid, urea hydrochloride, and combinations thereof.
From decomposed sewage or wastewater in these cesspits, inorganic acids including hydrogen sulfide or organic acids including acetic acid and valeric acid may be produced, and these acids accelerate corrosion of concrete.
Valeric acid has been widely used in perfumes and cosmetics industries due to its pleasant odour.
4,4,-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) valeric acid and 4-fluoro benzoic acid were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich and used as received.
For juniper, isovaleric acid was detected in the second replicate but not the first, while valeric acid was detected in the first but not the second.
Among them were alkanes, 4 phenyl valeric acid, 5 isopentyl picolinic acid, 3 hydroxylauric acid, (5 a, 3[beta]) 3-hydroxy-11-androstanone, 5[alpha]-2-en-11 androstenone, squalene, terpinol (a terpineol), menthol derivatives, palmitic, oleic and eicosanoic acids, and isoprenoid phytane.