Michael Nanna, MD; Kathleen Stergiopoulos, Pregnancy Compli-cated by Valvular Heart Disease
. J Am Heart Assoc 2014; 3: e000712.
Based on the findings of a heart murmur, she was referred to the cardiology department with a primary suspicion of congenital valvular heart disease
. However, transthoracic echocardiography revealed extrinsic compression of the main pulmonary artery causing turbulent blood flow.
ACC/AHA guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease
. Executive Summary.
A prospective survey of patients with valvular heart disease
in Europe: The Euro Heart Survey on Valvular Heart Disease
In a study by Radha Krishnan, out of 100 cases of acquired valvular heart disease
the maximum brunt is borne by mitral valve and was involved in 56%, 27% had isolated mitral stenosis, 14% cases had isolated mitral regurgitation, 17% cases had mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation, 13% cases were aortic stenosis with aortic regurgitation and 26% with multivalvular heart disease.
Valvular heart disease
is the result of one or more pathological processes, including congenital heart defects, ischemic heart disease, rheumatic fever, connective tissue disease (e.g.
Revilla Sr., 90, is being treated for valvular heart disease
, severe mitral regurgitation, congestive heart failure, and NYHA FC II, according to his son's urgent motion.
 Timely intervention in valvular heart disease
increases the survival rate of the patient, and for this, the severity of valvular lesions in RHD is very important.
Subsequent studies from the 1960s through the mid-1980s reported patients with xanthoma dying from valvular heart disease
. These led to defining familial hypercholesterolemia as a disease characterized by accelerated atherosclerosis which could result in severe supravalvular aortic stenosis and eventually death.
2008 focused update incorporated into the ACC/AHA 2006 guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease
: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to revise the 1998 guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease
) Endorsed by the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons.