Valvular heart disease (VHD) refers to the disorder of cardiac valves leading to valvular regurgitation
was more than valvular stenosis.
Mitral and tricuspid valvular regurgitation
graded by Doppler color flow with two dimensional echocardiography is shown in Table-I.
an intracardiac mass, abscess, or new dehiscence of prosthetic valve), or new/worsening valvular regurgitation
are additional major criteria.
A third (35%) had valve dehiscence, and 35% had severe valvular regurgitation
In another 14 children who have trivial Mitral valvular regurgitation
(Seen in 2 orthogonal planes but short of WHF criteria of significant lesion), the average mean thickness of the valve was 3.
2) Carcinoid heart disease, occurring in more than 50% of patients with carcinoid syndrome, (3,4) usually manifests as right heart failure and valvular regurgitation
secondary to valve and endocardial fibrosis.
Stout KK, Verrier ED (2009) Acute valvular regurgitation
European Association of Echocardiography recommendations for the assessment of valvular regurgitation
Higgins also was one of the earliest researchers in flow quantification techniques, applying them to human subjects to assess extent of shunt in patients with atrial and septal ventricular defects (1987), and extent of valvular regurgitation
In advanced stages, there may be signs of valvular regurgitation
and right heart failure which include elevated jugular venous pressure with accentuated V waves (in the presence of tricuspid regurgitation), diastolic murmur of pulmonary regurgitation, holosystolic murmur of tricuspid regurgitation, right ventricular S3 gallop, pulsatile hepatomegaly, peripheral edema and ascites.
CFD is used in the detection of valvular regurgitation
such as mitral regurgitation by the identification of high-velocity flow through the regurgitant orifice (Otto 2009) (Figure 5).