aircraft type: Robinson r44 helicopter or equivalent - 1 item, Four-seater with dual control system (for student and instructor), Helicopter should be equipped with pilot-navigational instruments (speedometer, Altimeter, Variometer
, Artificial horizon, Compass, Transverse oblique transmitter radio) , Transponder and vor receiver and indicator) and equipment for flights in covered cabin and night flights.
It consisted of : autopilot A[PI]-5-2 or A[PI]-6; variometer
BAP-30-3; altimeter B[??]-20; speed indicator KyC-1200; radio altimeter PB-2; astrocompass AK-49; short-range radio navigation system PC[??]H-2; airborne radar P[phrase omitted]-4[GAMMA]; radio compass APK-5; gyrohalfcompas [GAMMA][PI]K-52; remote gyromagnetic compass [phrase omitted]MK-7; course-glide path system C[PI]-50 <<Mainland>>, course-glide path system [??][??]C (course radio receiver KP[PI]-[R], glissad radio receiver [GAMMA]P[PI]-2, marker radio receiver MP[PI]-48 or MP[PI]-56[PI]); communication radio station (receiver yC-9, transmitter 1-PC[??]-70).
To achieve the best magnetometer (variometer
) performance, it will usually be installed in a temperature-stabilized environment, either by the use of an active and magnetically clean heating-system or by selecting a highly temperature-stable location, preferably underground.
A Instrument used to measure blood pressure B Instrument used to record earth tremors C Instrument that measure rate of ascent or descent who am I?
The vertical position could be kept more precise by use of the on board variometer
Since the three-component magnetic variometer
can not be considered as a point-source instrument at a distance of 1 meter (three sensors located along a straight line, at a distance of 16 cm), the numeric value (module of vector) of magnetic induction in the coil with current could be calculated only approximately, based on the data from three variometers
The term variometer
is generally applied to any instrument that registers magnetic variations, whether it be changes in magnetic declination or any other component of the field, horizontal or vertical.
Geomagnetic data processing is carried out using Nurmijarvi (Finland) Geophysical Observatory variometer
data, which is in Tartu (Estonia) Observatory.
Artificial neural network performs functions corresponding to total energy variometer
These state- of- the- art gliders will be equipped with a Global Positioning System ( GPS) and a Variometer
so that a commando can adjust his rate of ascent or descent.
As a general rule of thumb, for most small airplanes, when against a headwind or a downdraft, you should increase glide speed by half the headwind component (and if you had a variometer
, also by four to five knots per 100 fpm of sink).
To be properly equipped, participants should also wear an emergency parachute and carry a map and variometer
which charts rates of ascent and descent as well as height.