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top to bottom: barrel, groin, and rib vaults

vault 1

a. An arched structure, usually of masonry or concrete, serving to cover a space.
b. An arched overhead covering, such as the sky, that resembles the architectural structure in form.
2. A room or space, such as a cellar or storeroom, with an arched ceiling, especially when underground.
3. A room or compartment, often built of steel, for the safekeeping of valuables: a bank vault.
4. A burial chamber, especially when underground.
5. Anatomy An arched part of the body, especially the top part of the skull.
tr.v. vault·ed, vault·ing, vaults
1. To construct or supply with an arched ceiling; cover with a vault.
2. To build or make in the shape of a vault; arch.

[Middle English vaute, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *volvita, volta, from feminine of *volvitus, arched, alteration of Latin volūtus, past participle of volvere, to roll; see wel- in Indo-European roots.]

vault 2

v. vault·ed, vault·ing, vaults
To jump or leap over, especially with the aid of a support such as the hands or a pole.
1. To jump or leap, especially with the use of the hands or a pole.
2. To accomplish something suddenly or vigorously: vaulted into a position of wealth.
1. The act of vaulting; a jump.
2. A piece of gymnastic equipment with an upholstered body used especially for vaulting. Also called vaulting horse.

[Obsolete French volter, from Old French, from Old Italian voltare, from Vulgar Latin *volvitāre, frequentative of Latin volvere, to turn, roll; see wel- in Indo-European roots.]

vault′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Architecture) furnished with or as if with an arched roof
2. (Building) constructed in the shape of a vault
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.vaulted - having a hemispherical vault or domevaulted - having a hemispherical vault or dome
rounded - curving and somewhat round in shape rather than jagged; "low rounded hills"; "rounded shoulders"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


adjective arched, domed, cavernous, hemispheric the pillars soaring to the vaulted ceiling high above them
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
ذو سَقْفٍ مَعْقودمُقَبَّب، مُقَنْطَر
hvelfdur, meî hvelfingu
kemer çatılıkemerli


[ˈvɔːltɪd] ADJabovedado
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


adj (Archit) → gewölbt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˈvɔːltɪd] adja volta
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(voːlt) noun
1. (a room, especially a cellar, with) an arched roof or ceiling. the castle vaults.
2. an underground room, especially for storing valuables. The thieves broke into the bank vaults.
3. a burial chamber, often for all the members of a family. He was buried in the family vault.
ˈvaulted adjective
1. (of a roof or ceiling) arched.
2. (of a building etc) having an arched roof or ceiling.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
The high partitions, leaning forward on their base, grew into a vaulted roof bearing the shape of an immense funnel turned upside down, the height being about five or six hundred yards.
There was a complete vaulted arch overhanging us, and our ascent was changed to a circular walk.
Feeble gleams of encrimsoned light made their way through the trellised panes, and served to render sufficiently distinct the more prominent objects around; the eye, however, struggled in vain to reach the remoter angles of the chamber, or the recesses of the vaulted and fretted ceiling.
If the Trinity Chapel is seen as an ideological piece, an architecture as furniture, viewed through perimeter grillage except during the chantry ceremony, then the fan vaulted cloister of Gloucester Cathedral (built between 1381 and 1412) is the first manifestation of fan-vaulted architecture within which to perambulate and experience its spatial quality.