To do so, the teacher could show students that, in the great majority of Brazilian Portuguese dialects, the vocalization of this segment ['saw] occurs, whereas in a very restricted group (present in some regions of the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, for example) and among the Portuguese, the phoneme observed is an velarized
voiced alveolar lateral ['sal].
In contrast, a velarized
rhotic has been reported to replace the trill in parts of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Panama, Mexico, and coastal Colombia and Venezuela (Canfield, 1962; Quilis, 1999; Widdison, 1998).
From a phonetic point of view, the results suggest that "emphasis in this dialect consists mainly in pharyngealization, with a number of words thoroughly velarized
The distinction between the dark, velarized
 and  is also regarded as negligible.
Some may naturally employ the more back, open [m] before high vowels, in the same way that many Slavic languages will employ the velarized
[[??]] in syllable-initial position.
I observe that /a/ is realized when the preceding consonant back, pharangealized or velarized
Moreover, the phoneme /1/ is not velarized
in positions where it is in the RP.
The question is whether Van der Tuuk transcribed the za' in this way because those who provided him with these words were pronouncing them as such (as a velarized
dl), or whether it was because the Indonesian recipient side (through Van der Tuuk in this case) transcribed these Arabic sounds as such because they did not have any Latin characters to indicate this phonetic feature.
Capital letters are employed here for certain Arabic sounds that are not part of the English sound system; for example, (D) and (T) stand for the Arabic alveolar, velarized
, voiced and alveolar, velarized
voiceless sounds respectively.
Irish has a persistent phonemic contrast between velarized
(so-called "broad") and palatalized (so-called "slender") consonants; in transcription, broad consonants are left unmarked while slender consonants are indicated by the prime (').
consonants triggered the replacement of the former *e by *u in Livonian noninitial syllables (the labial *u was the only possible non-high back or "velar" vowel in non-initial syllables), the further development of the stop *g was already labialization to *g[??] under the influence of the following labial vowel in a "velar" sequence (note that the stop g was considered palatal by creators of the Finno-Ugric Phonetic Alphabet but velar by the International Phonetic Association).
Other dialects such as the ones spoken in Cuba, Puerto Rico, Panama, Mexico, and coastal Colombia and Venezuela have a velarized
rhotic (Canfield 1962; Quilis 1999; Widdison 1998).