An adequate exposure of the VSD is crucial to avoid complications such as residual ventricular septal defect
, TR and complete heart block.
Perimembranous ventricular septal defect
involves the entiremembranous septum and adjacent structures and may have many variations.
Ventricular septal defect
(VSD) was the commonest acyanotic CHD (58.14%) followed by atrial septal defect (19%), patent ductus arteriosus (9.3%), atrioventricualr septal defect (9.3%), aortic stenosis (7%) and co-arctation of the aorta (2.32%).
Major phenotypic features in 22 Mexican patients with SD22q11.2 Items n % Total deleted patients 22 100 Congenital heart disease 19/22 86 Conotruncal defect 14/19 TOF 10/14 VSP + PA 3/14 DORV 1/14 Non-conotruncal defect 5/19 Cognitive impairment or development delay 18/22 82 Intellectual disability 10/18 Learning difficulties 4/18 Language delay 4/18 Palatal abnormalities 5/22 23 Immunodeficiency 3/22 14 TOF: Tetralogy of Fallot, VSD: Ventricular septal defect
, PA: Pulmonary atresia, DORV: Double--outlet right ventricle
(2) The tight pulmonary artery band limits blood flow from the left ventricle into the pulmonary circulation to prevent development of pulmonary hypertension and to direct oxygenated blood from left ventricle to right ventricle through the large nonrestrictive ventricular septal defect
(VSD) and then from right ventricle to systemic circulation.
Wynne et al., "Percutaneous closure of postinfarction ventricular septal defect
in-hospital outcomes and long-term follow-up of UK experience," Circulation, vol.
A 37-year-old, gravida 3, para 2 woman was referred for fetal echocardiography due to prenatal ultrasounds that showed a dichorionic/diamniotic twin gestation with the following anomalies: Twin A (female) had a thickened nuchal fold, absent nasal bone, small stomach, and complex CHD consisting of a ventricular septal defect
(VSD), atrial septal defect (ASD), pericardial effusion, deviated cardiac axis, and possible AVSD; Twin B (male) had all of the above noted as well as short long bones.
Large ventricular septal defect
, overriding aorta, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction and right ventricular hypertrophy are typical features of TOF2-4.
KEY WORDS: Post myocardial infarction; ventricular septal defect
; and repair.
Rohaan, who was suffering from a congenital heart disease called transposition of the great arteries with ventricular septal defect
(VSD) or a hole in the heart, underwent a high risk surgery called Arterial Switch Operation with VSD closure.
Tricuspid valve atresia, valvular pulmonary stenosis (55 mmHg) and inlet ventricular septal defect
(1.03 cm) were also present along with normally related great arteries.
The most common type babies suffer from is ventricular septal defect