evokes release of calcitonin gene-related peptide from capsaicin-sensitive nerves of rat urinary bladder.
TTX was purchased from Tocris Bioscience (Ellisville, MO) and veratridine was from Sigma-Aldrich (St.
influx produced by pyrethroids were all lower than that of 10 [micro]M veratridine (Figure 1A), a plant-derived sodium channel neurotoxin site 2 agonist.
i] induced by acetylcholine (ACh), veratridine
(Ver) and/or 56 mM [K.
Toxin T46 from Gymnodinium breve (formerly Ptychodiscus brevis) enhances activation of voltage-sensitive sodium channels by veratridine
Intracellular sodium and positive inotropic effect of veratridine
and cardiac glycoside in sheep perkinje fibers.
Catterall WA, Risk M 1980, Toxin t4-6 from Ptychodiscus brevis (formerly Gymnodinium breve) enhances activation of voltage-gates sodium channels by veratridine
Toxin T48 from Ptychodiscus brevis (formerly Gymnodinium breve) enhances activation of voltage-sensitive sodium channels by veratridine