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1. A bell that summons worshipers to vespers.
2. Vesper The evening star, especially Venus.
3. Archaic Evening.

[Middle English, evening star, from Latin, evening; see wes-pero- in Indo-European roots.]


1. (Ecclesiastical Terms) an evening prayer, service, or hymn
2. an archaic word for evening
3. (Ecclesiastical Terms) (modifier) of or relating to vespers
[C14: from Latin: evening, the evening star; compare Greek hesperos evening; see west]


(Celestial Objects) the planet Venus, when appearing as the evening star


(ˈvɛs pər)

1. (cap.) the evening star, esp. Venus.
2. Also called ves′per bell`. a bell rung at evening.
3. vespers, (often cap.)
a. a religious service in the late afternoon or evening; the sixth of the seven canonical hours.
c. a part of the Roman Catholic office to be said in the afternoon or evening.
4. Archaic. evening.
5. pertaining to, appearing in, or proper to the evening.
6. of or pertaining to vespers.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin: evening, evening star; pl. form < Old French vespres < Medieval Latin vesperae, pl. of vespera, feminine variant of Latin vesper; c. Greek hésperos; akin to west]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vesper - a planet (usually Venus) seen at sunset in the western skyVesper - a planet (usually Venus) seen at sunset in the western sky
2.vesper - a late afternoon or evening worship service
divine service, religious service, service - the act of public worship following prescribed rules; "the Sunday service"
placebo - (Roman Catholic Church) vespers of the office for the dead


Archaic. The period between afternoon and nighttime:
Archaic: even.
References in classic literature ?
It was far down the afternoon; and when all the spearings of the crimson fight were done: and floating in the lovely sunset sea and sky, sun and whale both stilly died together; then, such a sweetness and such plaintiveness, such inwreathing orisons curled up in that rosy air, that it almost seemed as if far over from the deep green convent valleys of the Manilla isles, the Spanish land-breeze, wantonly turned sailor, had gone to sea, freighted with these vesper hymns.
The hour hath come for all light-dreading people, the vesper hour and leisure hour, when they do not--"take leisure.
The bells are going for daily vesper service, and he must needs attend it, one would say, from his haste to reach the open Cathedral door.
They look so snug and so homelike, and at eventide when every thing seems to slumber, and the music of the vesper bells comes stealing over the water, one almost believes that nowhere else than on the lake of Como can there be found such a paradise of tranquil repose.
Horns of Elfland" never sounded more sweetly around hoary castle and ruined fane than those vesper calls of the robins from the twilight spruce woods and across green pastures lying under the pale radiance of a young moon.
Despite the doctor's orders that she should not go out early in the morning, Natasha insisted on fasting and preparing for the sacrament, not as they generally prepared for it in the Rostov family by attending three services in their own house, but as Agrafena Ivanovna did, by going to church every day for a week and not once missing Vespers, Matins, or Mass.
They're singing for vespers, and how carefully that merchant crosses himself
Yet the fishers and the peasants raised their heads and looked questions at each other, for the angelus had already gone and vespers was still far off.
Gone to Vespers, and to visit some friends, I believe.
No, little angel, it were better that I should see you tomorrow at Vespers.
He never went about otherwise than surrounded by a small court of bishops and abbés of high lineage, gallant, jovial, and given to carousing on occasion; and more than once the good and devout women of Saint Germain d' Auxerre, when passing at night beneath the brightly illuminated windows of Bourbon, had been scandalized to hear the same voices which had intoned vespers for them during the day carolling, to the clinking of glasses, the bacchic proverb of Benedict XII.
With large gestures and in the emphatic tone which made what he said so striking, Athelny described to Philip the Spanish cathedrals with their vast dark spaces, the massive gold of the altar-pieces, and the sumptuous iron-work, gilt and faded, the air laden with incense, the silence: Philip almost saw the Canons in their short surplices of lawn, the acolytes in red, passing from the sacristy to the choir; he almost heard the monotonous chanting of vespers.