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1. A stringed instrument of the violin family, slightly larger than a violin, tuned a fifth lower, and having a deeper, more sonorous tone.
2. An organ stop usually of eight-foot or four-foot pitch yielding stringlike tones.
[Italian, from Old Italian, from Old Provençal, a kind of early viol, ultimately of imitative origin (probably back formation from violar, to play the viol, from *viu, sound imitative of a hurdy-gurdy or viol).]
vi·o·la 2(vī-ō′lə, vē-, vī′ə-lə)
Any of various plants of the genus Viola, which includes the violets and pansies, especially certain ornamental varieties that are usually more compact than pansies and have smaller flowers without a blotch on the petals.
[Middle English, from Latin; akin to Greek ion (both Greek and Latin from a common unknown Mediterranean source ).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Music, other) a person who plays the viola
(Music, other) a person who plays the viol. Also (archaic): violer
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
violist[vɪˈəʊlɪst] N (US) → viola mf
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
n (US) → Bratschist(in) m(f)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007