virilization


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vir·il·i·za·tion

 (vîr′ə-lĭ-zā′shən)
n.
Development of male secondary sexual characteristics.

vir′il·ize′ (-ə-līz′) v.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

virilization

(ˌvɪrɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən) or

virilisation

n
(Physiology) the development of adult male physical characteristics in a female or a young boy
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.virilization - the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction)virilization - the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction)
growing, growth, ontogenesis, ontogeny, maturation, development - (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level; "he proposed an indicator of osseous development in children"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
virilisation

vir·i·li·za·tion

n. virilización, masculinización, proceso por el cual se desarrollan en la mujer características masculinas gen. debido a un trastorno hormonal o al suplemento artificial de hormonas masculinas.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

virilization

n virilización f
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Testosterone can cause virilization of the female fetus when administered to a pregnant woman.
Most of the time, the defect is diagnosed only during molecular investigations associated with hypogonadism, gynecomastia or infertility whereas, 46 XX SRY negative males can be identified immediately after birth owing to inadequate virilization of external genital organs.
Because the systemic and dermatologic virilization effects of testosterone are unpredictable once treatment has started, and because individual goals also are varied (from maximum virilization to only suppressing feminine secondary sex characteristics), Mr.
Norethynodrel is a nortestosterone derivative that has androgenic and metabolic effects that include voice virilization. (14) The second generation oral contraceptive developed in the 1970s included a progestin derivative, levonorgestrel (LNG), that allowed inhibition of ovulation at a lower dose.
Severe virilization could be caused by the overactivity of either 5-[alpha] reductase22 or androgen receptor.
TABLE 2 Adverse effects and risks of testosterone treatment in menopausal women Adverse effects * Hirsutism * Acne * Application site reaction (skin irritation, local hair growth) Risks with compounded products * Batch-to-batch variability * Limited or no testing of product purity and quality * Variable absorption and bioavailability * Inadvertent supraphysiologic dosing Risks with supraphysiologic dosing * Virilization * Liver dysfunction * Lowering of HDL cholesterol * Psychologic changes Potential risks with long-term use * Breast cancer * Cardiovascular disease Abbreviation: HDL, high-density lipoprotein.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive condition with an incidence of approximately 1 in 12,500 Caucasian births.1 It is caused by the mutations of genes for enzymes mediating the biochemical steps of production of mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids or sex steroids from cholesterol by the adrenal glands (steroidogenesis).2 Most of these conditions involve excessive or deficient production of sex steroids and can alter development of primary or secondary sex characteristics in some affected infants, children or adults.3 CAH is characterized by deficiency of one of the enzymes required to make cortisol - required for stress response, maintenance of blood pressure; aldosterone - required for salt retention; or androgens - for virilization of the fetus (rare form).
Hirsutism and virilization. In: Longo DA, Fauci AS, Kasper D, Larry Jl, editors.
Second, in the urogenital sinus and urogenital tubercle, it acts as a prohormone for DHT, the third hormone of male virilization. DHT is responsible for the development of the prostate, penis, and scrotum.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of autosomal recessively inherited disorders, which are clinically characterized by different degrees of virilization and salt wasting caused by deficiency of enzymes involved in biosynthesis of steroid hormones (6,7).