After the long-distance spread of SLCuV from the NW to the OW, WmCSV movement between countries of the Middle East is likely occurring through movement of viruliferous
whiteflies and infected plant materials.
whitefly adults may thus inoculate cotton at various times during the growing season (Butler and Henneberry, 1984).
Cabauatan et al., "Detection of rice tungro baciliform virus by polymerase chain reaction for assessing mild infection of plants and viruliferous
leafhoppers," Journal of Phytopathology, vol.
At the age of 5 to 6 leaves, plants were exposed to viruliferous
whitefly and were kept for ~40 days.
whiteflies were then transferred to 8-10 days-old young healthy ridge gourd seedlings at the rate of 1, 3, 5, 10, and 20 per seedling separately, and 10 plants were inoculated in each treatment.
whiteflies were collected from the infected plants grown in the field with an aspirator.
Then suspected viruliferous
whiteflies were collected from the muslin cage and transferred to the healthy plants at the second leaf stage for a period of two days.
(2013) determined that viruliferous
tomatoes may be more attractive to B.
The viperfish and unstinting denunciation of the indigenous, over-exploitative and viruliferous
kings, quislings of the colonialists who exploit the situation to aggrandize themselves continue in this novel as well.
aphids were then transferred to healthy plants (10 aphids/plant) for 30 min.
Inoculation of plants with MSV was done by infestation with viruliferous
leafhoppers 10 d after planting.
Biological tests were conducted using viruliferous
Tagosodes orizicolus (Homoptera: Delphacidae) to demonstrate resistance against the disease.