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a. See sulfuric acid.
b. Any of various sulfates of metals, such as ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, or copper sulfate.
2. Bitterly abusive feeling or expression.
tr.v. vit·ri·oled, vit·ri·ol·ing, vit·ri·ols or vit·ri·olled or vit·ri·ol·ling
To expose or subject to vitriol.
[Middle English, metal sulfate, from Old French, from Medieval Latin vitriolum, from Late Latin vitreolum, neuter of vitreolus, of glass (metal sulfates being so described because of the glassy appearance of their crystals), from Latin vitreus, glassy, of glass; see vitreous.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Elements & Compounds) another name for sulphuric acid
2. (Elements & Compounds) any one of a number of sulphate salts, such as ferrous sulphate (green vitriol), copper sulphate (blue vitriol), or zinc sulphate (white vitriol)
3. speech, writing, etc, displaying rancour, vituperation, or bitterness
vb (tr) , -ols, -oling, -oled, -olling or -olled
4. to attack or injure with or as if with vitriol
5. (Chemistry) to treat with vitriol
[C14: from Medieval Latin vitriolum, from Late Latin vitriolus glassy, from Latin vitrum glass, referring to the glossy appearance of the sulphates]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
vit•ri•ol(ˈvɪ tri əl)
1. any of various glassy metallic sulfates, as copper sulfate or iron sulfate.
2. oil of vitriol; sulfuric acid.
3. something highly caustic or severe in effect, as criticism.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin vitreolum= Latin vitre(us) vitreous + -olum, neuter of -olus -ole1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Past participle: vitriolled/vitrioled
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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|Noun||1.||vitriol - (H2SO4) a highly corrosive acid made from sulfur dioxide; widely used in the chemical industry|
acid - any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
atomic number 16, sulfur, sulphur, S - an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions)
|2.||vitriol - abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will|
|Verb||1.||vitriol - expose to the effects of vitriol or injure with vitriol|
subject - cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to; "He subjected me to his awful poetry"; "The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills"; "People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation"
|2.||vitriol - subject to bitter verbal abuse|
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
vitriol[ˈvɪtrɪəl] N → vitriolo m
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