vocative


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vocative

Nouns of address (technically called vocatives, but also known as nominatives of address or nouns of direct address) identify the person or group being directly spoken to. Like interjections, they are grammatically unrelated to the rest of the sentence—that is, they don’t modify or affect any other part of it. Instead, they are used to let the listener or reader know who you are addressing, or to get that person’s attention.
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voc·a·tive

 (vŏk′ə-tĭv)
adj.
1. Relating to, characteristic of, or used in calling.
2. Of, relating to, or being a grammatical case in certain inflected languages that indicates the person or thing being addressed.
n.
1. The vocative case.
2. A word or form in the vocative case.

[Middle English vocatif, from Old French, from Latin vocātīvus (cāsus), vocative (case), from vocātus, past participle of vocāre, to call; see vocation.]

voc′a·tive·ly adv.

vocative

(ˈvɒkətɪv)
adj
1. relating to, used in, or characterized by calling
2. (Grammar) grammar denoting a case of nouns, in some inflected languages, used when the referent of the noun is being addressed
n
(Grammar) grammar
a. the vocative case
b. a vocative noun or speech element
[C15: from Latin phrase vocātīvus cāsus the calling case, from vocāre to call]
ˈvocatively adv

voc•a•tive

(ˈvɒk ə tɪv)

adj.
1. of or designating a grammatical case, as in Latin, used to indicate that a noun or pronoun refers to the person or thing being addressed.
2. of or used in calling or addressing.
n.
3. the vocative case.
4. a word in this case, as Latin Paule “O Paul.”
[1400–50; late Middle English < Latin vocātīvus (cāsus)=vocāt(us), past participle of vocāre to call + -īvus -ive]
voc′a•tive•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vocative - the case (in some inflected languages) used when the referent of the noun is being addressed
oblique, oblique case - any grammatical case other than the nominative
Adj.1.vocative - relating to a case used in some languages; "vocative verb endings"
linguistics - the scientific study of language
Translations
pátý pádvokativvokativní
kutsumuksellinenvokatiivinen
vocatifvocationnel
vokativvokativan
megszólítómegszólító eset
ávarpsfall
呼格呼格の天職の
šauksmininkas
aanspreekvorm
vokativ
vocativ
vokativ

vocative

[ˈvɒkətɪv]
A. ADJ vocative casevocativo m
B. Nvocativo m

vocative

[ˈvɒkətɪv] nvocatif m

vocative

nAnredeform f, → Vokativ m; vocative caseAnredefall m, → Vokativ m

vocative

[ˈvɒkətɪv]
1. adjvocativo/a
2. nvocativo
References in classic literature ?
O endless vocatives that would still leave expression slipping helpless from the measurement of mortal folly
La violeta" thus reads as the decision to actively remember a fulfilling, lesbian relationship through the vocative event, making this poem stand out against others in which memory is an instrument of distancing from a negative heterosexual past, characterized by aversion and unhappiness.
He does this not only through exposition of the various properties and effects of oppression, the qualities that prevent and fight it, the similarities and differences between the East and West, but he also directly hails them in the vocative ("O Muslims," "O nation," etc.
Some critics have identified in Whitman a colonizing voice that seeks to subsume and obscure his readerly subject with his own vocative lyricism and poetic presence.
However, in the poem Mickiewicz continues with the vocative case of addressing this homeland or native land or homeland (with a feminine ending).
A new report by Vocative this week cited data collected from UK-based defense and intelligence firm IHS Jane's shows Russia spent around $120 million during the first four weeks of its bombing campaign in Syria.
In defaulting to O, editors risk offering us a "high-pitched" text in an unrelentingly elevated vocative "key," encouraging a tone-deaf reading of Hamlet (here, our test case, although this concern relates to all plays in the canon).
Abbreviations ACC accusative DEF definite FEM feminine Hept Heptanesian INDEF indefinite It Italian MASC masculine NEU neuter NOM nominative PL plural SG singular SMG Standard Modern Greek Tr Turkish Ven Venitian VOC vocative
The life-death dichotomy converging in love constitutes the major theme transmitted through a natural vocative of address: beautiful hands.
In Gheorghiu's version, Malvolio addresses Maria quite rudely, with the word servant in the vocative case.
Contributing to the recent trend of bringing formal grammar to marginal constructions, Hill shows that vocative phrases do in fact belong to the grammar.