voir dire


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voir dire

 (vwär dîr′)
n.
The formal examination of a prospective juror under oath to determine suitability for jury service or of a prospective witness under oath to determine competence to give testimony.
tr.v. voir dired, voir dir·ing, voir dires
To conduct a voir dire of: voir dired the witness.

[Anglo-Norman, to speak the truth : Latin vērus, true; see wērə-o- in Indo-European roots + Latin dīcere, to say; see deik- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

voir dire

(vwɑː ˈdɪə)
n
1. (Law) the preliminary examination on oath of a proposed witness by the judge
2. (Law) the oath administered to such a witness
[C17: from Old French: to speak the truth]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

voir dire

(ˈvwɑr ˈdɪər)

n.
the examination of a proposed witness or juror to ascertain the person's competence to give or hear testimony.
[1670–80; < Anglo-French, = Old French voir true, truly + dire to say]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Note how using written questionnaires and individual oral examination greatly simplifies the process of voir dire. If you gather information this way, you don't have to come up with complex charts and try to keep up with whose hands went up in response to your last question.
This edition has new methods and ways to ask voir dire questions and improved approaches to other phases of the trial.
Make jury service voluntary rather than compulsory and mostly what we'd lose is a costly, time-consuming ideal--the fair cross-section of the community--which we currently honor by immediately trying to undermine it with the costly, time-consuming process of voir dire.
Dallas, TX, August 18, 2011 --(PR.com)-- The Mock Voir Dire Program was held at the George C.
ALTHOUGH JUROR INTERNET USE IS AT THE HEART OF THE CASE CONCERNing Arturo Ramirez's Facebook postings, lawyers and trial consultants frequently research prospective jurors online during voir dire.
The term voir dire derives from the Latin phrase verum dicere, literally meaning "to speak the truth." (1) In American jurisprudence, voir dire has come to mean the pretrial questioning of venire members during which a judge or party is given the opportunity to ask the prospective jurors questions in an attempt to reveal their personal tendencies and possible biases.
(23) Alternatively, the criminal defendant may show that he suffered actual prejudice, and may do so through the presentation of voir dire of the potential jurors as to their prior knowledge and impressions of the defendants and the case.
It still astounds me how some defense attorneys can openly celebrate baffling the jurors when the judge happens to be out of the courtroom, then later adopt the "guileless" persona quicker than Meryl Streep can say "I'd like to thank the Academy." However, you can discuss Hollywood in voir dire to call the jurors' attention to defense tactics.
However, voir dire as it is currently practiced in the federal courts has many systematic defects that do not always guarantee jurors' impartiality.
Murray argues his trial attorney was ineffective by failing to strike a prospective juror who raised concerns regarding personal security during voir dire, by failing to request a new jury pool, and by failing to object when the jury was impaneled.
A committee of attorneys and court officials has been working for two years to convince lawyers and judges in South Carolina to join 45 other states in using attorney-conducted voir dire in civil cases as a way of establishing a better method for selecting an unbiased panel of jurors.