Only the research groups from Bielefeld and Wrzburg have succeeded in doing so: They have installed the new rhodopsin in oocytes of the frog Xenopus laevis and in all cells of the spherical alga Volvox
The processes observed in the Volvox
embryo are similar to the process of gastrulation in animal embryos--which biologist Lewis Wolpert calls "the most important event in your life." During gastrulation, the embryo folds inwards into a cup-like shape, forming the primary germ layers that give rise to all the organs in the body.
Group, which is based in Gildersome Leeds, is a company with expertise in managing automotive, lighting and industrial consumable products.
Halteria grandinella and Askenasia volvox
) that predominated on the surface, with high concentration of dissolved oxygen.
Among Chlorophyceae, Volvox
were represented by 80 and 10 individuals 5 ml-1 in the treated and reference ponds, respectively.
Solazyme has filed a patent application for Chlamydomonas, Chlorella, Volvox
, Phaeodactylum, Dunaliella and Thalassiosira algae that have been genetically engineered to maximize triglyceride production.
2 Chlorophyceae: Volvox
, Ulothrix, Stichococcous, Chaetophora, Radiotillum, Microspora, Stigeoclonium, Protococcus, Oedogonium, Pediastrum, Rhizoclonium, Ankistrodesmus, Sclenastrum, Kirchnorilla, Mougeotiopsis, Trachelomonas and Euglena.
The company is deploying a fleet of more than 17 specialty vessels of which the Volvox
Terranova HAM 318 trailing suction hopper dredger is the largest.
Size of fish Food item Small (n = 60) Medium (n = 56) Plant material 15.6 11.9 Diatoms 45.3 66.1 Filamentous algae 28.1 44.1 Protozoa (Volvox
) 8.3 9.3 Insects 98.4 78.0 Diptera 45.3 33.9 Tricoptera 1.6 Odonata Unidentified 51.6 44.1 Cladocera 53.1 45.8 Copepoda 12.5 11.9 Ostracoda 9.4 8.5 Rotifera 34.4 54.2 Ectoprocta (Bryozoan) 28.1 20.3 Formulated feed 54.7 79.7 Detritus 14.1 Sand 6.3 6.8 Size of fish Total for all Food item Large (n = 33) fish (n = 149) Plant material 9.3 Diatoms 8.3 39.9 Filamentous algae 23.3 31.7 Protozoa (Volvox
) 11.4 9.4 Insects 20.0 66.1 Diptera 6.7 29.0 Tricoptera 0.5 Odonata 1.7 0.5 Unidentified 11.7 36.1 Cladocera 6.7 35.5 Copepoda 10.0 11.5 Ostracoda 6.0 Rotifera 16.7 35.0 Ectoprocta (Bryozoan) 6.7 18.6 Formulated feed 45.0 59.6 Detritus 4.9 Sand 4.4
Still other microorganisms, such as the Volvox
algae, are covered in flexible, undulating flagella whose coordinated waves add up to net motion.
Colonial organisms such as the green alga Volvox
developed modified internal concentrations of nutrients and gases.
The smallest of these species (Gonium) have only a handful of cells arranged in a disk, while the Volvox
that give the Volvocale line its name may have some 60,000 cells in the shape of a hollow sphere that is easily visible to the naked eye.