von Neumann


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

von Neu·mann

 (vŏn noi′män′, fôn), John 1903-1957.
Hungarian-born American mathematician who was one of the originators of the field of game theory and also made fundamental contributions to quantum mechanics and to the development of high-speed digital computers.

von Neumann

(vɒn ˈnjuːmən; fɒn)
n
(Biography) John. 1903–57, US mathematician, born in Hungary. He formulated game theory and contributed to the development of the atomic bomb and to the development of the stored-program computer (von Neumann machine)

Von Neu•mann

(vɒn ˈnɔɪ mɑn, -mən)
n.
John, 1903–57, U.S. mathematician, born in Hungary.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.von Neumann - United States mathematician who contributed to the development of atom bombs and of stored-program digital computers (1903-1957)
References in periodicals archive ?
Kaldor, "John von Neumann," in Dore, Chakravarty, and Goodwin, eds., 305.
This new concept effectively provides a means of building a quantum bus, a concept very similar to the classical bus connecting the basic architectural elements of the von Neumann computer.
As John von Neumann observed in setting forth his theory of games in 1944, the value of one's holdings is largely determined by the intentions of others.
John von Neumann, head of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University, corroborated the successful test and predicted that hydrogen warheads would be extremely light and possess tremendous explosive power.
Author Ruth Aylett, a professor of intelligent virtual environments at Britain's Center for Virtual Environments, details the robotics dreams of computer pioneers Alan Turing and John von Neumann. Aylett also describes the current state of computer and robot technology, and points out the challenges inherent in teaching a machine to "think" and make decisions.
These meetings, attended by those we now recognise as amongst the great stars of immediate post war scientific life in the USA, included anthropologists Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, mathematician and computation theorist John von Neumann and Norbert Wiener.
In 1928 the brilliant mathematician John von Neumann published the first important paper on game theory.
There are abundant, familiar references: Frank Knight, Henry Simons, Ronald Coase, John von Neumann, Oskar Morganstem, John Allen Paulos, and many more.
During his last two years at school, for example, Teller met three young men who were, like him, from the Jewish community in Budapest: Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Leo Szilard.
THE ROOTS of the modern computer virus go back to 1949, when computer pioneer John von Neumann presented a paper on the Theory and Organization of Complicated Automata.
The problem is that one can find similar quotes in von Neumann, who denies that the wavefunction can be understood by an ignorance reading (302) but also defines a state in terms of our knowledge of a system (337).
We show that coefficients in Krein's formula can be expressed in terms of analogues of classical von Neumann formulas.