Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to vulcanian: Plinian


1. Of, relating to, or originating from an explosive volcanic eruption.
2. Vulcanian Roman Mythology Of or relating to Vulcan.
3. Of or relating to metalworking or craft.


(Geological Science) geology
a. of or relating to a volcanic eruption characterized by the explosive discharge of fine ash and large irregular fragments of solidified or viscous lava
b. a less common word for volcanic
[C17: after Vulcan]


(vʌlˈkeɪ ni ən)

1. of or pertaining to Vulcan.
2. (l.c.) volcanic.
[1590–1600; < Latin Vulcāni(us) of Vulcan + -an1]
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
He said Mayon's activity shifted from vulcanian or towering ash columns to strombolian, which is characterized only by lava fountaining and lava flow.
Strombolian eruptions, wherein lava fountaining and lava effusion can be observed, are minor eruptions compared with explosive Vulcanian, Pelean and Plinian eruptions.
It appears from satellite imagery and aerial photographs, that it started with mild Vulcanian activity from a vent at the south-east base of the cumulodome.
Eruption styles falling into the first category include Strombolian, Vulcanian, and phreatomagmatic activity, whereas those falling into the second include Hawaiian and Plinian activity.
A vulcanian eruption results from the sudden release of large quantities of magmatic gas, ejecting materials high in the air to form the cauliflower clouds that were observed on Monday.
2010: Bubble nucleation, growth and coalescence during the 1997 vulcanian explosions of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat.