The crater of a rumbling Mayon volcano was glowing bright red Monday, with vulcanologists
warning it could erupt within days, sending thousands fleeing from their homes.
The Shiveluch Volcano of Kamchatka has ejected a pylon of ash 11 kilometers above sea level, TASS reportedly referring to Russian vulcanologists
Manila, Ramadan 14, 1437, June 19, 2016, SPA -- White steam plumes were observed at a volcano in the central Philippines after it ejected thick clouds of ash in a series of eruptions, government vulcanologists
said Sunday, according to dpa.
Yet only following a 2011 invitation from within the closed nation have Western vulcanologists
been able to study it, and what has been termed the 'millennium eruption', more closely.
The government sent a team of vulcanologists
to the mountain to check for possible new fissures, Julien Paluku, the governor of North Kivu province, told Reuters.
warned of the possibility of another major explosion at the 3,067-metre (10,121-foot) Mount Ontake, noting tremors have become larger.
A chilling effect can already be observed as vulcanologists
studying Mount Vesuvius have proceeded more hesitantly in discerning the likelihood of the volcano's eruption, an event that would have massive implications for nearby Naples, reasoning that it is safer to have never asked important questions than to fail in answering them.
Most recently academic writers have talked about various 'regime types' of welfare states (liberal, laborist, corporatist, social democratic, etc) treating these as geological strata are by geologists, or else, if they have an eye for politics, treating them as active volcanoes are treated by vulcanologists
It took a while for the scientists to get used to us," says Joe Gerhardt, who with the other half of Semiconductor, Ruth Jarman, spent two and a half years documenting the work of vulcanologists
in the Galapagos Islands and mainland Ecuador.
LAYERS OF ASH Gudmundsson and other vulcanologists
said the impact on air travel this time would be more limited as winds were more favourable, the plume's content was heavier and less likely to spread, and authorities had a higher tolerance for ash levels.
Prior to most explosive eruptions, the erupting volcanoes shoot hot ash up to 40 km high, shake slightly but measurably, and the shaking becomes more dramatic during the eruption itself - a primary precursor used by vulcanologists
for forecasting an eruption.
or so the vulcanologists
say - but how on earth do they know?