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v. shut, shut·ting, shuts
a. To move (a door or lid, for example) so as to block passage through an opening.
b. To fasten with a lock, catch, or latch: shut the cabinet.
2. To block entrance to or exit from; close: shut a corridor.
3. To confine in a closed space: shut them in a cage.
4. To exclude from a closed space: shut the cats out of the house.
5. To fold up or bring together the parts of: shut the book.
6. To cause to stop operating: shut down a restaurant; a school that was shut for the vacation.
1. To move or become moved so as to block passage; close: a door that shuts by itself.
2. To stop operating, especially automatically: The electricity shuts off at midnight.
1. The act or time of shutting.
2. The line of connection between welded pieces of metal.
Phrasal Verbs:
shut off
1. To stop the flow or passage of; cut off: shut off the hot water by closing a valve.
2. To close off; isolate: loners who shut themselves off from the community.
shut out Sports
To prevent (an opponent) from scoring any runs or points.
shut up
1. To cause (someone) to stop speaking; silence.
2. To stop speaking.
shut (one's) eyes to
To refuse to consider or acknowledge: administrators who shut their eyes to pervasive corruption.

[Middle English shutten, from Old English scyttan; see skeud- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


vb, shuts, shutting or shut
1. to move (something) so as to cover an aperture; close: to shut a door.
2. to close (something) by bringing together the parts: to shut a book.
3. (often foll by: up) to close or lock the doors of: to shut up a house.
4. (tr; foll by in, out, etc) to confine, enclose, or exclude: to shut a child in a room.
5. (tr) to prevent (a business, etc) from operating
6. shut one's eyes to to ignore deliberately
7. shut the door on
a. to refuse to think about
b. to render impossible
closed or fastened
8. the act or time of shutting
9. (Metallurgy) the line along which pieces of metal are welded
10. get shut of get shot of slang to get rid of
[Old English scyttan; related to Old Frisian sketta to shut in, Middle Dutch schutten to obstruct]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



v. shut, shut•ting,
adj., n. v.t.
1. to move into a closed position: to shut a door.
2. to close the doors of (often fol. by up): to shut up a house for the night.
3. to close by bringing together the parts of: Shut your book.
4. to confine; enclose: to shut a bird into a cage.
5. to bar; exclude: They shut him from their circle.
6. to cause to end or suspend operations: shutting the office for two weeks.
7. to bolt; fasten.
8. to become shut or closed; close.
9. shut down,
a. to settle over a place so as to envelop or darken: The fog shut down rapidly.
b. to cease or suspend operation.
10. shut in,
a. to enclose.
b. to confine, as from illness.
11. shut off,
a. to stop the passage of.
b. to isolate; separate.
12. shut out,
a. to keep from entering; exclude.
b. to hide from view.
c. to prevent (an opponent or opposing team) from scoring.
13. shut up,
a. to imprison; confine.
b. to close entirely.
c. to stop talking; become silent.
d. to stop (someone) from talking; silence.
14. closed; fastened up: a shut door.
15. the act or time of shutting.
shut one's eyes to, to refuse to acknowledge; disregard; ignore.
[before 1000; Middle English schutten, Old English scyttan to bolt (a door), akin to shoot1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


  1. Closed [a newspaper] up like a surgeon closing an incision above an inoperable truth —Elizabeth Spencer
  2. The door is closed like the shutter of a stalled-out camera —Thomas McGuane
  3. It [a door] came [open] easy … like a ghost had blown it open from inside —Jay Parini
  4. Locked up tighter than Dick’s hatband —Richard Ford

    Ford’s simile used to describe a home business that’s not open, is a takeoff on the American colloquialism generally linked with stinginess.

    See Also: THRIFT

  5. Open and shut as if cast from the shadow of a fallen angel’s wing —Anon
  6. (The elevator doors) opened suavely, like an expensive cream sliding smoothly on a flawless face —Judith Martin
  7. (Let your mind) open like a clam when the waters slide back to feed it —Marge Piercy
  8. Opens like a summer rose —George Garrett
  9. (In love we) open wide as a house to a summer afternoon —Marge Piercy
  10. (Wake up please) open yourself like a little umbrella —Donald Justice
  11. (Our room was closed off and) sealed, like a grave inside a pyramid —Yehuda Amichai
  12. [Emotions] sewn up tighter than a Victorian daughter’s drawers —Roderic Jeffries
  13. Shut down (the long Minnesota winter) like the white lid of a box —F. Scott Fitzgerald
  14. Shut firmly in like a trunk locked up when the key is lost —Eibhlin Dhubh Ni Chonnaill
  15. [Window-blinds] shut like an eye that sleeps —H. G. Wells
  16. Shut tight as a drum —Anon
  17. Shut up like a rabbit trap —Noel Streatfeild
  18. (J. B’s face) shut with a snap like a rat-trap —Gavin Lyall
  19. (A world had opened and) was closing … like a curtain being silently drawn —John McGahern
Similes Dictionary, 1st Edition. © 1988 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'close' or 'shut'

If you close /kləʊz/ something such as a door, you move it so that it covers or fills a hole or gap.

He opened the door and closed it behind him.

You can also say that you shut something such as a door. There is no difference in meaning. The past tense and -ed participle of shut is shut.

I shut the door quietly.

Both closed and shut can be adjectives used after a linking verb.

All the other downstairs rooms are dark and the shutters are closed.
The windows were all shut.

You can use either close or shut to say that work or business stops for a short time in a shop or public building.

Many libraries close on Saturdays at 1 p.m.
What time do the shops shut?
2. 'close' or 'closed' only

Only closed can be used in front of a noun. You can talk about a closed window, but not a 'shut' window.

He listened to her voice coming faintly through the closed door.

You can say that a road, border, or airport is closed.

The border was closed without notice around midnight.

Don't say that a road, border, or airport 'is shut'.

Be Careful!
Don't confuse the verb close with the adjective close /kləʊs/. If something is close to something else, it is near to it.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


Past participle: shut
Gerund: shutting

I shut
you shut
he/she/it shuts
we shut
you shut
they shut
I shut
you shut
he/she/it shut
we shut
you shut
they shut
Present Continuous
I am shutting
you are shutting
he/she/it is shutting
we are shutting
you are shutting
they are shutting
Present Perfect
I have shut
you have shut
he/she/it has shut
we have shut
you have shut
they have shut
Past Continuous
I was shutting
you were shutting
he/she/it was shutting
we were shutting
you were shutting
they were shutting
Past Perfect
I had shut
you had shut
he/she/it had shut
we had shut
you had shut
they had shut
I will shut
you will shut
he/she/it will shut
we will shut
you will shut
they will shut
Future Perfect
I will have shut
you will have shut
he/she/it will have shut
we will have shut
you will have shut
they will have shut
Future Continuous
I will be shutting
you will be shutting
he/she/it will be shutting
we will be shutting
you will be shutting
they will be shutting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been shutting
you have been shutting
he/she/it has been shutting
we have been shutting
you have been shutting
they have been shutting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been shutting
you will have been shutting
he/she/it will have been shutting
we will have been shutting
you will have been shutting
they will have been shutting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been shutting
you had been shutting
he/she/it had been shutting
we had been shutting
you had been shutting
they had been shutting
I would shut
you would shut
he/she/it would shut
we would shut
you would shut
they would shut
Past Conditional
I would have shut
you would have shut
he/she/it would have shut
we would have shut
you would have shut
they would have shut
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.shut - move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; "Close the door"; "shut the window"
snap - close with a snapping motion; "The lock snapped shut"
slat - close the slats of (windows)
slam, bang - close violently; "He slammed the door shut"
shutter - close with shutters; "We shuttered the window to keep the house cool"
draw - move or pull so as to cover or uncover something; "draw the shades"; "draw the curtains"
roll up - close (a car window) by causing it to move up, as with a handle; "she rolled up the window when it started to rain"
bung - close with a cork or stopper
close, shut - become closed; "The windows closed with a loud bang"
seal, seal off - make tight; secure against leakage; "seal the windows"
lock away, put away, shut away, shut up, lock in, lock up, lock - place in a place where something cannot be removed or someone cannot escape; "The parents locked her daughter up for the weekend"; "She locked her jewels in the safe"
inclose, shut in, close in, enclose - surround completely; "Darkness enclosed him"; "They closed in the porch with a fence"
2.shut - become closed; "The windows closed with a loud bang"
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
close, shut - move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; "Close the door"; "shut the window"
3.shut - prevent from entering; shut out; "The trees were shutting out all sunlight"; "This policy excludes people who have a criminal record from entering the country"
excommunicate, unchurch, curse - exclude from a church or a religious community; "The gay priest was excommunicated when he married his partner"
lock out - prevent employees from working during a strike
prevent, keep - stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state; "We must prevent the cancer from spreading"; "His snoring kept me from falling asleep"; "Keep the child from eating the marbles"
ostracise, ostracize - avoid speaking to or dealing with; "Ever since I spoke up, my colleagues ostracize me"
Adj.1.shut - not openshut - not open; "the door slammed shut"  
closed - not open or affording passage or access; "the many closed streets made travel difficult"; "our neighbors peeped from behind closed curtains"
open, unfastened - affording unobstructed entrance and exit; not shut or closed; "an open door"; "they left the door open"
2.shut - used especially of mouth or eyes; "he sat quietly with closed eyes"; "his eyes were shut against the sunlight"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. close, secure, fasten, bar, seal, slam, push to, draw to, padlock Just make sure you shut the gate after you.
close open, unlock, unfasten, undo, throw wide, unbar, unclose
1. closed, fastened, sealed, locked A smell of burning came from behind the shut door.
closed open, ajar, unfastened, unsealed, unclosed, unlocked
shut down stop work, halt work, cease operating, close down, cease trading, discontinue, wind up business Smaller constructors had been forced to shut down.
shut someone off cut off, isolate, detach, separate, divorce, segregate, sequester, set apart She shut herself off from all the social aspects of life.
shut someone out exclude, bar, keep out, black, lock out, ostracize, debar, blackball I was set to shut out anyone else who came knocking.
shut someone up
1. (Informal) silence, gag, hush, muzzle, fall silent, button it (slang), pipe down (slang), hold your tongue, put a sock in it (Brit. slang), keep your trap shut (slang), cut the cackle (informal), button your lip (slang) A sharp put-down was the only way he knew of shutting her up.
2. confine, cage, imprison, keep in, box in, intern, incarcerate, coop up, immure They shut him up in a windowless tower.
shut something down
1. switch off, close down The rollercoaster was shut down yesterday.
2. close down, shut up, put into receivership, discontinue, liquidate They've begun action to have the business shut down.
shut something in confine, cage, enclose, imprison, impound, pound, wall off or up The door enables us to shut the birds in in bad weather.
shut something off block off, stop, halt, arrest, obstruct, impede They have shut off all supplies to farmers.
shut something out block out, screen, hide, cover, mask, veil I shut out the memory that was too painful to dwell on.
shut up (Informal) be quiet, hush, fall silent, button it (slang), pipe down (slang), hold your tongue, put a sock in it (Brit. slang), keep your trap shut (slang), cut the cackle (informal), button your lip (slang) Why don't you just shut up for a minute?
shut yourself away hide away, hole up, lie low, go into hiding, go underground, take cover, go to ground He had again shut himself away in his darkened studio.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


To move (a door, for example) in order to cover an opening:
phrasal verb
shut in
To confine within a limited area:
cage, coop (in or up), enclose, fence (in), immure, mew (up), pen, shut up, wall (in or up).
phrasal verb
shut off or out
To cut off from sight:
phrasal verb
shut out
1. To exclude from normal social or professional activities:
2. To keep from being admitted, included, or considered:
3. To rid one's mind of:
phrasal verb
shut up
1. To confine within a limited area:
cage, coop (in or up), enclose, fence (in), immure, mew (up), pen, shut in, wall (in or up).
2. To enclose so as to hinder or prohibit escape:
3. To cause to become silent:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
مُغْلَق، مُقْفَل، موصَديُغْلِقُيُقْفِليُقْفَل عَلَيْهيُقْفِل، يُغْلِق
zavřítzavřít sezavíratzavřený
lukkelukke indelukket
becsukbecsukódikzárva van
lokaloka inni/útilokaîurlokast, skella aftur
(...을) 닫다
kapatmakkapalıkapanıp kalmakkapanmakkapatıp bırakmamak


[ʃʌt] (shut (pt, pp))
A. VTcerrar
shut the door/window pleasecierra la puerta/ventana por favor
to find the door shutencontrar que la puerta está cerrada
they shut the door in his facele dieron con la puerta en las narices
to shut one's fingers in the doorpillarse los dedos en la puerta
B. VIcerrarse
what time do the shops shut?¿a qué hora cierran las tiendas?
we shut at fivecerramos a las cinco
the lid doesn't shutla tapa no cierra (bien)
shut away VT + ADVencerrar
to shut o.s. awayencerrarse
he shuts himself away all day in his roompermanece encerrado todo el día en su habitación
shut down
A. VI + ADVcerrarse
the cinema shut down last yearel cine cerró el año pasado
B. VT + ADV [+ lid, business, factory] → cerrar; [+ machine] → apagar; (by law) → clausurar
shut in VT + ADV (= enclose) → encerrar; (= surround) → cercar, rodear
to feel shut insentirse encerrado
the runner was shut inel atleta se encontró tapado, al atleta se le cerró el paso
shut off VT + ADV
1. (= stop) [+ water, power] → cortar, cerrar; [+ engine, machine] → apagar
2. (= isolate) → aislar (from de) to be shut off fromestar aislado de
shut out VT + ADV (= leave outside) → dejar fuera; (= put outside) → sacar; (= close door on) → cerrar la puerta a; (= keep out) → excluir; (= block) → tapar
shut to
A. VT + ADVcerrar
B. VI + ADVcerrarse
shut up
A. VI + ADV (= be quiet) → callarse
shut up!¡cállate!
to shut up like a clamcallarse como un muerto
1. (= close) → cerrar
2. (= enclose) → encerrar
3. (= silence) → callar, hacer callar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈʃʌt] [shut] (pt, pp)
[+ door, gate, window] → fermer
[+ eyes] → fermer
to shut one's eyes to sth (= ignore) → refuser de voir qch
[+ mouth] → fermer
shut your mouth! → la ferme!
shut your face! → ta gueule!
[+ shop, bar, library, museum] → fermer
[door, gate, window] → fermer, se fermer
[eyes] → se fermer
[shop, bar, library, museum] → fermer
What time do you shut? → À quelle heure est-ce que vous fermez?
What time do the shops shut? → À quelle heure est-ce que les magasins ferment?
[door, window] → fermé(e)
[eyes] → fermé(e)
to keep one's mouth shut → tenir sa langue
keep your mouth shut! (= don't tell anyone) → ne dis rien!
[shop] → fermé(e)
shut down
vt sep
[+ factory, business] → fermer définitivement
[+ machine, computer] → arrêter
vi [factory, business] → fermer définitivement
The cinema shut down last year → Le cinéma a fermé l'année dernière.
shut off
vt sep
[+ machine, engine, alarm] → arrêter, éteindre
[+ view] → boucher
[+ supplies] → couper
to shut o.s. off → s'isoler
shut out
vt sep
(= prevent from entering) [+ person] → empêcher d'entrer; [+ cold] → empêcher d'entrer; [+ noise] → éviter d'entendre
(= exclude) [+ person] → écarter
to shut sb out of one's life → couper les ponts avec qn
[+ view] → boucher
[+ memory, thought, feeling] → chasser de son esprit
shut up
(= keep quiet) → se taire
Shut up! → Tais-toi!
vt sep
(= close) → fermer
(= silence) → faire taire
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


vb: pret, ptp <shut>
(= close) eyes, door, box etczumachen, schließen; sportsgroundschließen; penknife, book, walletzumachen, zuklappen; they shut the office at 6das Büro wird um 18.00 Uhr geschlossen; the strike shut the factory for a weekder Streik legte die Fabrik für eine Woche still; shut your eyesmach die Augen zu; to shut one’s ears/eyes to somethingvor etw (dat)die Ohren/Augen verschließen; to shut one’s mind to somethingsich einer Sache (dat)verschließen; he shut his mind to thoughts of the pastGedanken an die Vergangenheit schob er weit von sich; shut your mouth or face! (inf) shut it! (inf)halts Maul! (inf)
to shut somebody/something in(to) somethingjdn/etw in etw (dat)einschließen; she was shut in the cellar as a punishmentsie wurde zur Strafe im Keller eingesperrt; to shut one’s fingers in the doorsich (dat)die Finger in der Tür einklemmen
vi (door, window, box)schließen, zugehen; (shop, factory)schließen, geschlossen werden, zumachen (inf); (sportsground)geschlossen werden; (eyes)sich schließen; the suitcase just won’t shutder Koffer will einfach nicht zugehen; it shuts very easilyes lässt sich ganz leicht schließen or zumachen; when do the shops shut?wann schließen die Geschäfte?, wann machen die Geschäfte zu? (inf); the door shut in the windder Wind schlug die Tür zu
adjgeschlossen, zu pred (inf); sorry sir, we’re shutwir haben leider geschlossen; the door swung shutdie Tür schlug zu; to find the door shutvor verschlossener Tür stehen; shut in his dungeonin seinem Kerker eingeschlossen; shut in his own little worldabgekapselt in seiner eigenen kleinen Welt; the shut mind of a reactionarydie Verbohrtheit eines Reaktionärs; his mind is shut to anything newer verschließt sich allem Neuen


nStilllegung f; (of schools, factory)Schließung f; (TV, Rad) → Sendeschluss m
n (inf)Schlaf m; I need some shutich brauche etwas Schlaf or ein paar Stunden Schlaf
(US: = confined to the house/bed) → ans Haus/Bett gefesselt
a shut feelingein Gefühl ntdes Eingeschlossenseins
n (US) he is a shuter ist ans Haus/ans Bett gefesselt
n (of gas, water)Abstellen nt; we regret the temporary water shut yesterdaywir bedauern, dass wir gestern vorübergehend das Wasser abstellen mussten
a shut feelingein Gefühl des Abgeschlossenseins or Abgeschnittenseins
shut switch (of electricity, engine)Hauptschalter m
n (US Sport) → Zu-null-Niederlage f, → Zu-null-Sieg m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ʃʌt] (shut (pt, pp))
1. vt (gen) → chiudere
to shut the door in sb's face → sbattere la porta in faccia a qn
to shut one's finger in the door → chiudersi un dito nella porta
to shut sb in a room → rinchiudere qn in una stanza
shut your mouth or face! (fam!) → chiudi il becco!
2. vi (door, window) → chiudersi; (shop, bank) → chiudere
3. adjchiuso/a
to keep one's mouth shut → tenere la bocca chiusa
shut away vt + adv (person, animal) → rinchiudere, chiudere; (valuables) → mettere al sicuro
shut down
1. vi + adv (factory, shop) → chiudere i battenti
2. vt + adv (factory, shop) → chiudere; (machine) → fermare; (nuclear reactor) → ridurre al minimo
shut in vt + advrinchiudere
shut off vt + adv
a. (stop, power) → staccare; (water) → chiudere; (engine) → spegnere
b. (isolate) to shut off (from)tagliar fuori (da), isolare (da)
shut out vt + adv (person, noise, cold) → non far entrare; (block, view) → impedire, bloccare; (memory) → scacciare
to be shut out of the house → rimanere chiuso/a fuori casa
shut up
1. vi + adv (fam) (be quiet) → star zitto/a
shut up! → stai zitto!
2. vt + adv
a. (factory, business, house) → chiudere
b. (person, animal) → rinchiudere, chiudere; (valuables) → mettere al sicuro
c. (fam) (silence) → far stare zitto/a
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ʃat) present participle ˈshutting: past tense, past participle shut verb
1. to move (a door, window, lid etc) so that it covers or fills an opening; to move (a drawer, book etc) so that it is no longer open. Shut that door, please!; Shut your eyes and don't look.
2. to become closed. The window shut with a bang.
3. to close and usually lock (a building etc) eg at the end of the day or when people no longer work there. The shops all shut at half past five; There's a rumour that the factory is going to be shut.
4. to keep in or out of some place or keep away from someone by shutting something. The dog was shut inside the house.
shut down (of a factory etc) to close or be closed, for a time or permanently: There is a rumour going round that the factory is going to (be) shut down (noun ˈshut-down)
shut off
1. to stop an engine working, a liquid flowing etc. I'll need to shut the gas off before I repair the fire.
2. to keep away (from); to make separate (from). He shut himself off from the rest of the world.
shut up
1. to (cause to) stop speaking. Tell them to shut up!; That'll shut him up!
2. to close and lock. It's time to shut up the shop.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


يُغْلِقُ zavřít lukke schließen κλείνω cerrar sulkea fermer zatvoriti chiudere 閉める (...을) 닫다 sluiten stenge zamknąć fechar закрывать stänga ปิด kapatmak đóng 关闭
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


vt. cerrar;
[light] apagar; [enclose] encerrar; [machine] desconectar; [enclose] encerrar.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in classic literature ?
The partitions had doors that were shut hermetically by means of india-rubber instruments, and they ensured the safety of the Nautilus in case of a leak.
The rabbit babies in the oven woke up trembling; perhaps it was fortunate they were shut up inside..
The CCD outlets across the state were shut down on July 30 and July 31 following VG Siddhartha's demise.