The sale includes a mix of old- and young-growth Sitka spruce, western hemlock
, red alder, western red cedar, and Alaska yellow cedar.
Many of the trees are thought to date back to the period 1860 - 1896 and include little seen conifer species such as Coast Redwood, known as the tallest trees in the world, and Western Hemlock
, as well as traditional and ancient oak and ash trees.
Red cedar (Thujaplicata) and western hemlock
Tsuga heterophylla) pollens have been found in lake sediments of the area up to 3,500 years ago, but no earlier.
This is somewhat surprising because western hemlock
(Tsuga heterophylla) generally has more branches and foliage per cubic meter of bole than Douglas-fir, and the percentage of hemlock is higher on the Washington Olympic Peninsula than in Oregon.
The Cafferatas planted about 5,000 seedlings, most of them Douglas fir, but also grand fir, Port Orford cedar, incense cedar, western red cedar, western hemlock
and coast redwood.
I am struck by the difference of the forest on the other side of the wall, which abruptly changes to dense Douglas fir and western hemlock
. Here the ancient forest was overthrown by a pine plantation seeded in the 1960s.
According to Campbell Global, the property, which has been managed as timberland for many years, is comprised mostly of Douglas fir and Western Hemlock
Cuttings found in nests provided evidence that most of the voles were feeding on needles of Western Hemlock
(Tsuga heterophylla) or Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis).
Elitis and Hennon (1987) observed that Sitka spruce (33% damage) appeared to be preferred over western hemlock
(15% damage) by Erethizon dorsatum as a host tree in conifer stands in southeast Alaska.
Cragside became home to North American conifers such as Douglas Fir, Noble Fir and Western Hemlock
In November, Southern pine prices were 48 percent higher year-over-year, while Western hemlock
prices were up 32 percent over the same period, according to Random Lengths.