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1. Whatever person or persons: Whoever comes will be welcomed.
2. Who: Whoever could have dreamed of such a thing? See Usage Notes at whatever, who.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. any person who; anyone that: whoever wants it can have it.
2. no matter who: I'll come round tomorrow, whoever may be here.
3. an intensive form of who, used in questions: whoever could have thought that?.
4. informal an unknown or unspecified person: give those to John, or Cathy, or whoever.
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(huˈɛv ər)

pron. possessive whos•ev•er, objective whom•ev•er.
1. whatever person; anyone that: Whoever did it should be proud.
2. no matter who: I won't do it, whoever asks.
3. who? what person? (used to express astonishment): Whoever told you that?
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. used in statements

You use whoever to refer to any person involved in the kind of situation you are describing.

You can have whoever you like to visit you.
Whoever is the last to leave should lock the door.

You also use whoever to refer to someone whose identity you do not know.

Whoever answered the telephone was a very charming woman.

You also use whoever to say that the identity of someone will not affect a situation.

Whoever you vote for, prices will go on rising.
2. used in questions

Whoever is sometimes used when asking questions, in order to express surprise.

Whoever could that be, calling so late?

However, many people consider this form to be incorrect, and it is better to write who ever as two separate words.

Who ever told you that?
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
أي شَخْصٍ ، لا يَهِمُّ منكُل من، أيّاً كانكُلُّ مَنْ
der endhvemhvem der endhvem som helstuanset hvem
kuka tahansa
akárkiaki csakugyan ki?
hverhver semsama hver
누구든~하는 사람
ten, kto
vem som än
hangi kişiistediğin kişikimkim ...-sekim olursa olsun
bất cứ ai


[huːˈevəʳ] PRON
1. (= no matter who, anyone that) it won't be easy, whoever does itno será fácil, no importa quién lo haga
whoever finds it can keep itquienquiera que lo encuentre puede quedarse con él, el/la que lo encuentre que se lo quede
I'll talk to whoever it ishablaré con quien sea
ask whoever you likepregúntaselo a cualquiera
2. (= the person that) whoever said that is an idiotquien haya dicho eso es un imbécil, quienquiera que haya dicho eso es un imbécil
3. (in questions) → quién
whoever told you that?¿quién te dijo eso?
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


(subject of clause) whoever finds it → quiconque le trouve
Whoever wins this year is going to be famous for life → Quiconque gagnera cette année sera célèbre pendant toute sa vie.
Everybody here, whoever they are, is at risk of being taken hostage → Chacun ici, qui que ce soit, court le risque d'être pris en otage.
Whoever was responsible for this crime is a dangerous man → Qui que soit l'auteur de ce crime, il s'agit d'un homme dangereux.
[+ object of clause] whoever he marries → qui que soit celle qu'il épousera
ask whoever you like → demandez à qui vous voulez
You can ask whoever you like to visit you → Vous pouvez demander à qui vous voulez de vous rendre visite.
with whoever → avec qui
We should be free to negotiate with whoever we want → Nous devrions être libres de négocier avec qui nous voulons.
(for emphasis)qui donc
Whoever told you that? → Qui a bien pu vous dire ça?, Qui donc vous a dit ça?
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


pronwer (auch immer); (acc) → wen (auch immer); (dat) → wem (auch immer); (= no matter who)einerlei or ganz gleich or egal (inf)wer/wen/wem; whoever told you that?wer hat dir das denn (bloß) gesagt?
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[huːˈɛvəʳ] pron
a. (the person that, anyone that) → chiunque + sub, chi; (no matter who) → chiunque + sub
whoever said that was an idiot → chiunque l'abbia detto or chi l'ha detto è un idiota
whoever finds it → chiunque lo trovi
ask whoever you like → chiedi a chiunque
it won't be easy, whoever does it → non sarà facile, chiunque lo faccia
whoever she marries → chiunque lei sposi
b. (in questions) → chi (mai)
whoever told you that? → chi (mai) te l'ha detto?
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(huː) pronoun
(used as the subject of a verb) what person(s)(?). Who is that woman in the green hat?; Who did that?; Who won?; Do you know who all these people are?
relative pronoun
1. (used to refer to a person or people mentioned previously to distinguish him or them from others. used as the subject of a verb: usually replaceable by that) (the) one(s) that: The man who/that telephoned was a friend of yours; A doctor is a person who looks after people's health.
2. used, after a comma, to introduce a further comment on a person or people. His mother, who was so proud, gave him a hug.
whoˈever relative pronoun
any person or people that. Whoever gets the job will have a lot of work to do.
1. no matter who. Whoever rings, tell him/them I'm out.
2. (also who ever) used in questions to express surprise etc. Whoever said that?
whom (huːm) pronoun
(used as the object of a verb or preposition, but in everyday speech sometimes replaced by who) what person(s)(?). Whom/who do you want to see?; Whom/who did you give it to?; To whom shall I speak?
relative pronoun
(used as the object of a verb or preposition but in everyday speech sometimes replaced by who).
1. (used to refer to a person or people mentioned previously, to distinguish him or them from others. able to be omitted or replaced by that except when following a preposition) (the) one(s) that: The man (whom/that) you mentioned is here; Today I met some friends (whom/that) I hadn't seen for ages; This is the man to whom I gave it; This is the man (whom/who/that) I gave it to.
2. used, after a comma, to introduce a further comment on a person or people. His mother, who was so proud of him, gave him a hug.
know who's who
to know which people are important.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


كُلُّ مَنْ kdokoli uanset hvem Wer auch immer οποιοσδήποτε quien, sea quien sea kuka tahansa n'importe qui tkogod chiunque 誰でも 누구든~하는 사람 wie uansett krokolwiek quem quer que, seja quem for кто бы ни vem som än ใครก็ตาม istediğin kişi bất cứ ai 任何人
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
And whoever shall fortify his town well, and shall have managed the other concerns of his subjects in the way stated above, and to be often repeated, will never be attacked without great caution, for men are always adverse to enterprises where difficulties can be seen, and it will be seen not to be an easy thing to attack one who has his town well fortified, and is not hated by his people.
Sun Tzu said: Whoever is first in the field and awaits the coming of the enemy, will be fresh for the fight; whoever is second in the field and has to hasten to battle will arrive exhausted.
Of their constituent parts some are common to both, some peculiar to Tragedy, whoever, therefore, knows what is good or bad Tragedy, knows also about Epic poetry.
Now the Six came to a town in which the King had proclaimed that whoever should run with his daughter in a race, and win, should become her husband; but if he lost, he must lose his head.
To you, the daring venturers and adventurers, and whoever hath embarked with cunning sails upon frightful seas,--
Ide," and whoever wrote them was also the author of the lines "To Isadore." In order, doubtless, to give a show of variety, Poe was then publishing some of his known works in his journal over noms de plume, and as no other writings whatever can be traced to any person bearing the name of "A.
The like happened at Cume, during the time of the democracy, which Thrasymachus destroyed; and whoever considers what has happened in other states may perceive the same revolutions to have arisen from the same causes.
He blinked, went red, got up and sat down again, struggling with himself to do what was for him the most difficult thing in life- to say an unpleasant thing to a man's face, to say what the other, whoever he might be, did not expect.
I question not but thou hast been told, among other stories of me, that thou wast to travel with a very scurrilous fellow; but whoever told thee so did me an injury.
All are free to come to the meeting, and Jikiza must fight with them if they wish it, whoever they be."
When a great office is vacant, either by death or disgrace (which often happens,) five or six of those candidates petition the emperor to entertain his majesty and the court with a dance on the rope; and whoever jumps the highest, without falling, succeeds in the office.
Meanwhile the princess was eagerly waiting till her deliverer should come back; and had a road made leading up to her palace all of shining gold; and told her courtiers that whoever came on horseback, and rode straight up to the gate upon it, was her true lover; and that they must let him in: but whoever rode on one side of it, they must be sure was not the right one; and that they must send him away at once.