Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to will: William Hill

will 1

1. The mental faculty by which one deliberately chooses or decides upon a course of action: championed freedom of will against a doctrine of predetermination.
a. Diligent purposefulness; determination: an athlete with the will to win.
b. Self-control; self-discipline: lacked the will to overcome the addiction.
3. A desire, purpose, or determination, especially of one in authority: It is the sovereign's will that the prisoner be spared.
4. Deliberate intention or wish: Let it be known that I took this course of action against my will.
5. Free discretion; inclination or pleasure: wandered about, guided only by will.
6. Bearing or attitude toward others; disposition: full of good will.
a. A legal declaration of how a person wishes his or her possessions to be disposed of after death.
b. A legally executed document containing this declaration.
v. willed, will·ing, wills
a. To decide on or intend: He can finish the race if he wills it.
b. To yearn for; desire: "She makes you will your own destruction" (George Bernard Shaw).
c. To decree, dictate, or order: believed that the outcome was willed by the gods.
2. To induce or try to induce by sheer force of will: We willed the sun to come out.
a. To grant in a legal will; bequeath: willed his fortune to charity.
b. To order to direct in a legal will: She willed that her money be given to charity.
1. To exercise the will.
2. To make a choice; choose: Do as you will.
at will
Just as or when one wishes.

[Middle English, from Old English willa; see wel- in Indo-European roots.]

will 2

aux.v. Past tense would (wo͝od)
1. Used to indicate simple futurity: They will appear later.
2. Used to indicate likelihood or certainty: You will regret this.
3. Used to indicate willingness: Will you help me with this package?
4. Used to indicate requirement or command: You will report to me afterward.
5. Used to indicate intention: I will too if I feel like it.
6. Used to indicate customary or habitual action: People will talk.
7. Used to indicate capacity or ability: This metal will not crack under heavy pressure.
8. Used to indicate probability or expectation: That will be the messenger ringing.
tr. & intr.v.
To wish; desire: Do what you will. Sit here if you will. See Usage Note at shall.

[Middle English willen, to intend to, from Old English willan; see wel- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


vb, past would
1. (esp with: you, he, she, it, they, or a noun as subject) used as an auxiliary to make the future tense. Compare shall1
2. used as an auxiliary to express resolution on the part of the speaker: I will buy that radio if it's the last thing I do.
3. used as an auxiliary to indicate willingness or desire: will you help me with this problem?.
4. used as an auxiliary to express compulsion, as in commands: you will report your findings to me tomorrow.
5. used as an auxiliary to express capacity or ability: this rope will support a load.
6. used as an auxiliary to express probability or expectation on the part of the speaker: that will be Jim telephoning.
7. used as an auxiliary to express customary practice or inevitability: boys will be boys.
8. (with the infinitive always implied) used as an auxiliary to express desire: usually in polite requests: stay if you will.
9. what you will whatever you like
10. will do informal a declaration of willingness to do what is requested
[Old English willan; related to Old Saxon willian, Old Norse vilja, Old High German wollen, Latin velle to wish, will]
Usage: See at shall


1. the faculty of conscious and deliberate choice of action; volition.
2. the act or an instance of asserting a choice
3. (Law)
a. the declaration of a person's wishes regarding the disposal of his or her property after death. testamentary
b. a revocable instrument by which such wishes are expressed
4. anything decided upon or chosen, esp by a person in authority; desire; wish
5. determined intention: where there's a will there's a way.
6. disposition or attitude towards others: he bears you no ill will.
7. at will at one's own desire, inclination, or choice
8. with a will heartily; energetically
9. with the best will in the world even with the best of intentions
vb (mainly tr; often takes a clause as object or an infinitive)
10. (also intr) to exercise the faculty of volition in an attempt to accomplish (something): he willed his wife's recovery from her illness.
11. (Law) to give (property) by will to a person, society, etc: he willed his art collection to the nation.
12. (also intr) to order or decree: the king wills that you shall die.
13. to choose or prefer: wander where you will.
14. to yearn for or desire: to will that one's friends be happy.
[Old English willa; related to Old Norse vili, Old High German willeo (German Wille), Gothic wilja, Old Slavonic volja]
ˈwiller n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



auxiliary v.andv., pres. will; auxiliary verb.
1. am (is, are, etc.) about or going to: I will be there tomorrow. She will see you at dinner.
2. am (is, are, etc.) disposed or willing to: People will do right.
3. am (is, are, etc.) expected or required to: You will report to the principal at once.
4. may be expected or supposed to: You will not have forgotten him.
5. am (is, are, etc.) determined or sure to (used emphatically): People will talk.
6. am (is, are, etc.) accustomed to, or do usually or often: She would write for hours at a time.
7. am (is, are, etc.) habitually disposed or inclined to: Tyrants will be tyrants.
8. am (is, are, etc.) capable of; can: This tree will live without water for three months.
v.t., v.i.
9. to wish; desire; like: Take what you will. Ask, if you will, who the owner is.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English wyllan, c. Old Saxon willian, Old Norse vilja, Gothic wiljan; akin to Latin velle to wish]
usage: See shall.



1. the faculty of conscious and particularly of deliberate action: the freedom of the will.
2. power of choosing one's own actions: to have a strong will.
3. the act or process of using or asserting one's choice; volition: My hands are obedient to my will.
4. wish or desire: to submit against one's will.
5. purpose or determination: to have the will to succeed.
6. the wish or purpose as carried out, or to be carried out: to work one's will.
7. disposition, whether good or ill, toward another.
8. a legal document in which a person specifies the disposition of his or her property after death. Compare testament.
9. to decide upon, bring about, or attempt to effect or bring about by an act of will: He can walk if he wills it.
10. to purpose, determine on, or elect by act of will: If you will success, you can find it.
11. to dispose of (property) by a will; bequeath.
12. to influence by or as if by exerting will power: I willed her to survive the crisis.
13. to exercise the will.
14. to decide or determine: Others debate, but the king wills.
at will, as one desires; whenever one chooses: to wander off at will.
[before 900; Middle English will(e), Old English will(a), c. Old Saxon willio, Old High German willo, Old Norse vili, Gothic wilja; akin to will1]
will′er, n.
will′-less, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


the condition of being under the moral control of something or someone external; inability to be self-willing. — heteronymous, adj.
a very weak or slight impulse of the will; a mere fancy that does not lead to action.
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'shall' and 'will'

Shall and will are used to make statements and ask questions about the future.

Shall and will are not usually pronounced in full after a pronoun. When writing down what someone has said, the contraction 'll is usually used after the pronoun, instead of writing shall or will in full.

He'll come back.
'They'll be late,' he said.

Shall and will have the negative forms shall not and will not. In speech, these are usually shortened to shan't /ʃɑːnt/ and won't /wəʊnt/. Shan't is rather old-fashioned, and is rarely used in American English.

I shan't ever do it again.
You won't need a coat.

It used to be considered correct to write shall after I or we, and will after any other pronoun or noun phrase. Now, most people write will after I and we, and this is not regarded as incorrect, although I shall and we shall are still sometimes used.

I hope some day I will meet you.
We will be able to help.
I shall be out of the office on Monday.

There are a few special cases in which you use shall, rather than 'will':

2. suggestions

You can make a suggestion about what you and someone else should do by asking a question beginning with 'Shall we...?'

Shall we go out for dinner?

You can also suggest what you and someone else should do by using a sentence that begins with 'Let's...' and ends with '...shall we?'

Let's have a cup of tea, shall we?
3. asking for advice

You can use shall I or shall we when you are asking for suggestions or advice.

What shall I give them for dinner?
Where shall we meet?
4. offering

You can say 'Shall I... ?' when you are offering to do something.

Shall I shut the door?

Will also has some special uses:

5. requests

You can use will you to make a request.

Will you take these upstairs for me, please?
Don't tell anyone, will you?
6. invitations

You can also use will you or the negative form won't you to make an invitation. Won't you is very formal and polite.

Will you stay to lunch?
Won't you sit down, Sir?
7. ability

Will is sometimes used to say that someone or something is able to do something.

This will get rid of your headache.
The car won't start.

Be Careful!
You don't normally use 'shall' or 'will' in clauses beginning with words and expressions such as when, before, or as soon as. Instead you use the present simple. Don't say, for example, 'I'll call as soon as I shall get home'. Say 'I'll call as soon as I get home'.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


Past participle: willed
Gerund: willing

I will
you will
he/she/it wills
we will
you will
they will
I willed
you willed
he/she/it willed
we willed
you willed
they willed
Present Continuous
I am willing
you are willing
he/she/it is willing
we are willing
you are willing
they are willing
Present Perfect
I have willed
you have willed
he/she/it has willed
we have willed
you have willed
they have willed
Past Continuous
I was willing
you were willing
he/she/it was willing
we were willing
you were willing
they were willing
Past Perfect
I had willed
you had willed
he/she/it had willed
we had willed
you had willed
they had willed
I will will
you will will
he/she/it will will
we will will
you will will
they will will
Future Perfect
I will have willed
you will have willed
he/she/it will have willed
we will have willed
you will have willed
they will have willed
Future Continuous
I will be willing
you will be willing
he/she/it will be willing
we will be willing
you will be willing
they will be willing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been willing
you have been willing
he/she/it has been willing
we have been willing
you have been willing
they have been willing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been willing
you will have been willing
he/she/it will have been willing
we will have been willing
you will have been willing
they will have been willing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been willing
you had been willing
he/she/it had been willing
we had been willing
you had been willing
they had been willing
I would will
you would will
he/she/it would will
we would will
you would will
they would will
Past Conditional
I would have willed
you would have willed
he/she/it would have willed
we would have willed
you would have willed
they would have willed
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.will - the capability of conscious choice and decision and intentionwill - the capability of conscious choice and decision and intention; "the exercise of their volition we construe as revolt"- George Meredith
faculty, mental faculty, module - one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind
velleity - volition in its weakest form
2.will - a fixed and persistent intent or purpose; "where there's a will there's a way"
aim, intent, intention, purpose, design - an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions; "his intent was to provide a new translation"; "good intentions are not enough"; "it was created with the conscious aim of answering immediate needs"; "he made no secret of his designs"
3.will - a legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die
Old Testament - the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first half of the Christian Bible
New Testament - the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other epistles, and Revelation; composed soon after Christ's death; the second half of the Christian Bible
legal document, legal instrument, official document, instrument - (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right
codicil - a supplement to a will; a testamentary instrument intended to alter an already executed will
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
devise - a will disposing of real property
Verb1.will - decree or ordain; "God wills our existence"
ordain - issue an order
2.will - determine by choice; "This action was willed and intended"
decide, make up one's mind, determine - reach, make, or come to a decision about something; "We finally decided after lengthy deliberations"
3.will - leave or give by will after one's death; "My aunt bequeathed me all her jewelry"; "My grandfather left me his entire estate"
leave behind, leave - be survived by after one's death; "He left six children"; "At her death, she left behind her husband and 11 cats"
gift, present, give - give as a present; make a gift of; "What will you give her for her birthday?"
devise - give by will, especially real property
pass on - give to or transfer possession of; "She passed the family jewels on to her daughter-in-law"
impart, pass on, give, leave - transmit (knowledge or skills); "give a secret to the Russians"; "leave your name and address here"; "impart a new skill to the students"
remember - show appreciation to; "He remembered her in his will"
fee-tail, entail - limit the inheritance of property to a specific class of heirs
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


2. wish, mind, desire, pleasure, intention, fancy, preference, inclination He was forced to leave the country against his will.
3. choice, decision, option, prerogative, volition the concept of free will
4. decree, wish, desire, command, dictate, ordinance He has submitted himself to the will of God.
5. testament, declaration, bequest(s), last wishes, last will and testament Attached to his will was a letter he had written just before his death.
1. decree, order, cause, effect, direct, determine, bid, intend, command, resolve, bring about, ordain They believed they would win because God had willed it.
2. wish, want, choose, prefer, desire, elect, opt, see fit Say what you will about him, but he's always been a good provider.
3. bequeath, give, leave, transfer, gift, hand on, pass on, confer, hand down, settle on She had willed all her money to her brother, Frank.
at will as you please, at your discretion, as you think fit, at your pleasure, at your desire, at your whim, at your inclination, at your wish Some yoga practitioners can slow their heart-rates down at will.
Related words
adjectives voluntary, volitive
"Where there's a will there's a way"
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


1. The mental faculty by which one deliberately chooses or decides:
3. A desire for a particular thing or activity:
4. Unrestricted freedom to choose:
1. To have the desire or inclination to:
Idioms: have a mind, see fit.
2. To give (property) to another person after one's death:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
vůlezávěťbudeodkázatposlední vůle
tahtotestamentatatestamenttifuture tense
biti (budućnost)oporukavolja
erfîaskrámunskalvera vanur aî, eiga òaî til aîvilji
~일 것이다유서의지
…valiosgal galėtumėtkur širdis geidžiapanorėjuspasiryžęs
wilzullentestamentwenslaatste wilsbeschikking
viljevilleblikommer til åønske
viljakomma attönskantestamente
di chúcsẽý chí


1 [wɪl] (would (pt))
1. (talking about the future)
1.1. I will or I'll finish it tomorrowlo terminaré mañana
I will or I'll have finished it by tomorrowlo habré terminado para mañana
"you won't lose it, will you?"no lo perderás ¿verdad?; (stronger) → no lo vayas a perder
you will come to see us, won't you?vendrás a vernos, ¿no?
it won't take longno llevará mucho tiempo
we'll probably go out laterseguramente saldremos luego
I'll always love youte querré siempre
what will you do?¿qué vas a hacer?
we'll be having lunch latevamos a comer tarde
we'll talk about it laterhablamos luego
1.2. (emphatic language) I will do it!¡sí lo haré!
no he won't!¡no lo hará!
2. (in conjectures) he will or he'll be there by nowya debe de haber llegado or ya habrá llegado
she'll be about 50tendrá como 50 años
that will be the postmanserá el cartero
3. (expressing willingness)
3.1. (in commands, insistence) will you sit down!¡siéntate!
will you be quiet!¿te quieres callar?
he will have none of itno quiere ni siquiera pensarlo
"I won't go" - "oh yes you will"-no voy -¿cómo que no?
I will not or I won't put up with it!¡no lo voy a consentir!
I will not have it thatno permito que se diga que ... + subjun
I will (marriage service) → sí quiero
3.2. (in offers, requests, invitations, refusals) come on, I'll help youvenga, te ayudo
will you help me?¿me ayudas?
wait a moment, will you?espera un momento, ¿quieres?
will you have some tea?¿quieres tomar un té?
will you sit down?¿quiere usted sentarse?, tome usted asiento (more frm)
won't you come with us?¿no quieres venir con nosotros?
Tom won't help meTom no me quiere ayudar
4. (expressing habits)
4.1.soler, acostumbrar a
she will read for hours on endsuele leer or acostumbra a leer durante horas y horas
4.2. (expressing persistence) she will smoke, despite what the doctor saysa pesar de lo que dice el médico, se empeña en fumar
accidents will happenson cosas que pasan
boys will be boysasí son los chicos
he will keep leaving the door opensiempre tiene que dejar la puerta abierta
if you will eat so much, you can hardly expect to be slimsi insistes en comer tanto, no pensarás adelgazar
5. (expressing capability) the car won't startel coche no arranca
the car will cruise at 100mphel coche podrá alcanzar las 100 millas por hora
a man who will do that will do anythingun hombre que es capaz de eso es capaz de todo
B. VI (= wish) → querer
(just) as you will!¡como quieras!
if God willssi lo quiere Dios
say what you willdi lo que quieras
do as you willhaz lo que quieras, haz lo que te parezca bien
look where you will, you won't find onemires donde mires, no vas a encontrar uno


2 [wɪl]
A. N
1. (= inclination, wish) → voluntad f
against sb's willcontra la voluntad de algn
at willa voluntad
to do sb's willhacer la voluntad de algn
Thy will be donehágase tu voluntad
to do sth of one's own free willhacer algo por voluntad propia
the will of Godla voluntad de Dios
iron will, will of ironvoluntad f de hierro
to have a will of one's owntener voluntad propia
it is my will that you should do it (frm) → quiero que lo hagas
the will to win/liveel deseo de ganar/vivir
to work with a willtrabajar con ahinco
with the best will in the worldpor mucho que se quiera
where there's a will there's a wayquerer es poder
see also ill A2
2. (= testament) → testamento m
the last will and testament ofla última voluntad de ...
to make a willhacer testamento
1. (= urge on by willpower) → lograr a fuerza de voluntad
he willed himself to stay awakeconsiguió quedarse despierto a fuerza de voluntad
I was willing you to winestaba deseando que ganaras
2. (= ordain) → ordenar, disponer
God has so willed itDios lo ha ordenado así
3. (= leave in one's will) to will sth to sblegar algo a algn, dejar algo (en herencia) a algn
he willed his pictures to the nationlegó sus cuadros a la nación
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


vt [willed] [ˈwɪld] (pt, pp)
to will sb to do sth (= wish hard) → souhaiter ardemment que qn fasse qch
I looked at the phone, willing it to ring → J'ai regardé le téléphone, souhaitant ardemment qu'il sonne.
He willed himself to go on
BUT Il s'obligea à continuer.
to will sth to sb (= leave property) → léguer qch à qn
modal aux vb
(forming future tense)
I will finish it tomorrow → Je le finirai demain.
I will have finished it by tomorrow → Je l'aurai fini d'ici demain.
It won't take long → Ça ne prendra pas longtemps.
(in conjectures, predictions)
He will be there by now → Il doit être arrivé à l'heure qu'il est.
That will be the postman → Ça doit être le facteur.
(in commands, requests, offers)
Will you help me? → M'aiderez-vous?
Will you do it? - Yes, I will → Le ferez-vous? - Oui.
Will you wash up? - No, I won't → Tu laveras la vaisselle? - Non.
Will you have a cup of tea? → Prendrez-vous une tasse de thé?
Will you be quiet! → Voulez-vous bien vous taire!
You won't lose it, will you? → Vous ne le perdrez pas, n'est-ce pas?
I'll show you your room → Je vais te montrer ta chambre.
I'll give you a hand → Je vais t'aider.
I won't put up with it! → Je ne le tolérerai pas!
(= wishes) → volonté f
to do sth of one's own free will → faire qch de son propre gré
against one's will → contre son gré
(= document disposing of property) → testament m
He left me some money in his will → Il m'a laissé de l'argent dans son testament.
to do sth with a will → faire qch avec ardeur
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


1 pret <would>
modal aux vb
(future) → werden; I’m sure that he will comeich bin sicher, dass er kommt; you will come to see us, won’t you?Sie kommen uns doch besuchen, ja?; I’ll be right therekomme sofort!, bin gleich da!; I will have finished by Tuesdaybis Dienstag bin ich fertig; you won’t lose it, will you?du wirst es doch nicht verlieren, oder?; you won’t insist on that, will you? — oh yes, I willSie bestehen doch nicht darauf, oder? — o doch! or o ja! or doch, doch!
(emphatic, expressing determination, compulsion etc) I will not have it!das dulde ich nicht, das kommt mir nicht infrage or in Frage (inf); will you be quiet!willst du jetzt wohl ruhig sein!, bist du or sei jetzt endlich ruhig!; you will not talk to me like that!so lasse ich nicht mit mir reden!; he says he will go and I say he won’ter sagt, er geht, und ich sage, er geht nicht
(expressing willingness, consent etc) → wollen; he won’t signer unterschreibt nicht, er will nicht unterschreiben; if she won’t say yeswenn sie nicht ja sagt; he wouldn’t help meer wollte or mochte mir nicht helfen; wait a moment, will you?warten Sie einen Moment, ja bitte?; (impatiently) → jetzt warte doch mal einen Moment!; will she, won’t she?ob sie wohl …?
(in questions) will you have some more tea?möchten Sie noch Tee?; will you accept these conditions?akzeptieren Sie diese Bedingungen?; won’t you take a seat?wollen or möchten Sie sich nicht setzen?; won’t you please come home?komm doch bitte nach Hause!; there isn’t any tea, will coffee do?es ist kein Tee da, darf es auch Kaffee sein? or tut es Kaffee auch? (inf)
(insistence) well, if he will drive so fastalso, wenn er (eben) unbedingt so schnell fahren muss; well, if you won’t take advicewenn du (eben) keinen Rat annimmst, na bitte; he will interrupt all the timeer muss ständig dazwischenreden
(assumption) he’ll be there by nowjetzt ist er schon da, jetzt dürfte er schon da sein; was that the doorbell? that will be for youhats geklingelt? — das ist bestimmt für dich or das wird or dürfte für dich sein; this will be our busdas wird or dürfte unser Bus sein; this will be the one you wantdas dürfte (es) wohl sein, was Sie wünschen
(tendency) the solution will turn red if …die Lösung färbt sich rot, wenn …; sometimes he will sit in his room for hoursmanchmal sitzt er auch stundenlang in seinem Zimmer
(capability) will the engine start now?springt der Motor jetzt an?; the car won’t startdas Auto springt nicht an or will nicht anspringen; the door won’t opendie Tür lässt sich nicht öffnen or geht nicht auf (inf); the cut won’t healdie Schnittwunde will nicht (ver)heilen; the car will do up to 120 mphdas Auto fährt bis zu 120 Meilen pro Stunde
viwollen; say what you willdu kannst sagen, was du willst; as you will!wie du willst!; it is, if you will, a kind of mysterydas ist, wenn du so willst, eine Art Rätsel


Wille m; to have a will of one’s owneinen eigenen Willen haben; (hum)so seine Mucken haben (inf); the will to win/liveder Wille or das Bestreben, zu gewinnen/zu leben, der Sieges-/Lebenswille; (to go) against one’s/somebody’s willgegen seinen/jds Willen (handeln); if that’s your willwenn das dein Wunsch ist; at willnach Belieben, nach Lust und Laune, beliebig; fire at will!ohne Befehl schießen; of one’s own free willaus freien Stücken, aus freiem Willen; with the best will in the worldbeim or mit (dem) (aller)besten Willen; where there is a will there is a way (Prov) → wo ein Wille ist, ist auch ein Weg (Prov); to do somebody’s will (dated)jdm seinen Willen tun; to have one’s will (dated)seinen Kopf durchsetzen; Thy will be doneDein Wille geschehe; to work with a willmit (Feuer)eifer arbeiten ? goodwill, ill ADJ b
(= testament)Letzter Wille, Testament nt; the last will and testament of …der Letzte Wille or das Testament des/der …; to make one’s willsein Testament machen
(old: = ordain) → wollen, bestimmen, verfügen (geh); God has so willedGott hat es so gewollt or gefügt or bestimmt
(= urge by willpower)(durch Willenskraft) erzwingen; to will somebody to do somethingjdn durch die eigene Willensanstrengung dazu bringen, dass er etw tut; he willed himself to stay awakeer hat sich (dazu) gezwungen, wach zu bleiben; she willed herself to get bettersie hat ihre Genesung durch ihre Willenskraft erzwungen; he willed the ball into the neter hat den Ball ins Netz hypnotisiert (inf)
(by testament) → (testamentarisch) vermachen, vererben (sth to sb jdm etw)
viwollen; if God willsso Gott will
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


2 [wɪl]
1. n
to have a will of one's own → avere una volontà indipendente
to do sth of one's own free will → fare qc di propria volontà
the will to win/live → la voglia di vincere/vivere
against sb's will → contro la volontà or il volere di qn
at will → a volontà
to work with a will → lavorare di buona lena
with the best will in the world → con tutta la più buona volontà del mondo
where there's a will there's a way → volere è potere
b. (testament) → testamento
the last will and testament of → le ultime volontà di
to make a will → fare testamento
2. vt
a. (urge on by willpower) to will sb to do sthpregare (tra sé) perché qn faccia qc
he willed himself to stay awake → si costrinse a restare sveglio
he willed himself to go on → andò avanti con un grande sforzo di volontà
b. (leave in one's will) to will sth to sblasciare qc a qn in eredità
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(wil) noun
1. the mental power by which one controls one's thought, actions and decisions. Do you believe in freedom of the will?
2. (control over) one's desire(s) or wish(es); determination. It was done against her will; He has no will of his own – he always does what the others want; Children often have strong wills; He has lost the will to live.
3. (a legal paper having written on it) a formal statement about what is to be done with one's belongings, body etc after one's death. Have you made a will yet?
verbshort forms I'll (ail) , you'll (juːl) , he'll (hiːl) , she'll (ʃiːl) , it'll (ˈitl) , we'll (wiːl) , they'll (ðeil) : negative short form won't (wount)
1. used to form future tenses of other verbs. We'll go at six o'clock tonight; Will you be here again next week?; Things will never be the same again; I will have finished the work by tomorrow evening.
2. used in requests or commands. Will you come into my office for a moment, please?; Will you please stop talking!
3. used to show willingness. I'll do that for you if you like; I won't do it!
4. used to state that something happens regularly, is quite normal etc. Accidents will happen.
ˈwilful adjective
1. obstinate.
2. intentional. wilful damage to property.
ˈwilfully adverb
ˈwilfulness noun
weak-willed / strong-willed people.
ˈwilling adjective
ready to agree (to do something). a willing helper; She's willing to help in any way she can.
ˈwillingly adverb
ˈwillingness noun
ˈwillpower noun
the determination to do something. I don't have the willpower to stop smoking.
at will
as, or when, one chooses.
with a will
eagerly and energetically. They set about (doing) their tasks with a will.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


إرَادَة, سَوْفَ, وَصِيَّة bude, vůle, závěť blive, testamente, vilje Testament, Wille, wird διαθήκη, θα, θέληση deseo, hacer en futuro, testamento, verbo auxiliar de futuro, voluntad future tense, tahto, testamentti futur, testament, volonté biti (budućnost), oporuka, volja auxiliary verb for future tense, testamento, volontà (未来のことを述べて)・・・するだろう, 意志, 遺言 ~일 것이다, 유서, 의지 testament, wil, zullen bli, testamente, vilje nie tłumaczy się na język polski; służy do tworzenia czasu przyszłego, testament, wola testamento, verbo auxiliar do futuro (ir), verbo usado para exprimir futuro, vontade будет, воля, завещание komma att, testamente, vilja ความตั้งใจ, จะ, พินัยกรรม ecek, acak, irade, vasiyet di chúc, sẽ, ý chí 将要, 意志, 遗嘱
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


n. voluntad, determinación, deseo; testamento;
v. querer, ordenar, mandar;
living ___testamento en vida.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


n voluntad f; against your — contra su voluntad; of one's own free — por voluntad propia; — power fuerza de voluntad, autodisciplina; — to live ganas de vivir
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
But however small the units it takes, we feel that to take any unit disconnected from others, or to assume a beginning of any phenomenon, or to say that the will of many men is expressed by the actions of any one historic personage, is in itself false.
But now learn this likewise: the Will itself is still a prisoner.
'He has been here two years, and I have never heard him say anything except "Yes, sir." He will go far.
People from the part of Northern Ohio in which Winesburg lies will remember old Windpeter by his unusual and tragic death.
"By Heaven, I will take stick and knapsack and walk right away from my own front door, right away where the road leads, and see what happens.
I shall cork it and screw the cap tight, and then I shall hurl it as far out into the sea as my strength will permit.
POLLY'S happiest day was Sunday, for Will never failed to spend it with her.
The Spartans and Spaniards have been noted to be of small dispatch; Mi venga la muerte de Spagna; Let my death come from Spain; for then it will be sure to be long in coming.
Pleasing myself with the idea that the supposition might in part arise out of some ingenuity in the story, and thinking it worth while, in the interests of art, to hint to an audience that an artist (of whatever denomination) may perhaps be trusted to know what he is about in his vocation, if they will concede him a little patience, I was not alarmed by the anticipation.
Addison and I are as different as black and white, and I believe our friendship will go off by this business of party.
I am perfectly aware of this, and will henceforth oppose nothing to the accomplishment of my destiny.
"I cannot touch your iron chest or your will. I must refuse to do anything that might lay me open to suspicion."