A non-possessive, direct anaphoric use of the possessive suffix to mark an already mentioned referent, which is known to be a common feature of many Uralic languages (Budzisch 2017), is found in the text about a willow grouse
, where the mention of the bird in a subsequent sentence requires marking with a possessive affix:
As a hairy-chested, plain-speaking hunter who s aid, "I like to shoot a rifle and I like to kill," Hemingway gunned to death lions, rhinos, hippos, impalas, deer, mule, rabbits, antelopes, grizzly bears, pheasants, buffalos, porcupines, elks, owls, willow grouse
, quails, pigeons, ducks, partridges, jacksnipe, blue herons, sage hens and, finally and fittingly, on July 2, 1961, in Ketchum, Idaho, himself.
On the basis of this logic the red grouse, being now perceived as a unique British sub-species of the globally-distributed willow grouse
, surely ought to be equally fully protected in the legal sense against all but natural predation.
A `puppy' willow grouse
scurries off and, from a clearing, I spot a huge hawk's nest at the top of a tall tree about a kilometre away, the hawks scanning the area for prey.