As trees were cleared, 'sparrow-hawks' gave way to 'windhovers'--the terms were locally interchangeable.
Bran means 'crow', whose nests windhovers appropriate, and who attack a outrance windhover young.
We have seen windhovers come down to perch many times; (59) and thinking to indulge our desire for this sight, with its splendid and perhaps gruesome thrills, we hold our breath as he descends, rapturously close, with a magnificent clasping together of wings, clasping also the field-post in his talons.
What follows is principally an attempt--relying on White and Mackenzie--to read all through 'Henry Purcell', 'Spring and Fall', and 'The Windhover', paying particular attention to Hopkins's inherited, adopted, and cultivated sense of place.
For the anticlerical new French Republic, priests were for ploughing down alongside kings: in the months of 'The Windhover' (May 1877) and 'Andromeda' (August 1879) Hopkins could follow debates in the French legislature denouncing Jesuits as enemies of Revolution.
The 'king-dom' of 'The Windhover' is a self-defining term for history as a clue to divine unity by fracture.(40) Nothing transcends history except what Hopkins felt at Leigh in those last months of 1879: the fire of charity.
The Newman-Kingsley controversy exemplifies the ethics of 'The Windhover', a deeper matter than sectarian skirmishing.
His 'windhover' remains itself, deaf to unvoiced commands to produce series of transformations as it is 'caught' (all unknowing) within the futile imperative of the onlooker's Galerie des glaces.
Read accordingly, and given inscape as Hopkins's poetic aim, the "direct" treatment of a kestrel in "The Windhover" would result in a representation of its inscape, just as the rhythms of "The Wreck of the Deutschland" would conjure "an aural experience in the reader to imitate what she would experience if, say, she were actually on that rolling ship" (Sobolev, p.
This reading is correct insofar as the poem does not represent the trees' irreplaceable individualities--as "airy cages," they are as hard to discern as windhover and kingfisher (24)--but omits its intervention in the downward spiral of indifference and destruction by way of its own linguistic inscape.