I recognize Werewere Liking (Cameroonian) and D'Almeida's (1993: 49) 'misovire', Clenora Hudson-Weems, Alice Walker and Chikwendu Okonjo-Ogunyemi's 'Africana Womanism
' (see Hudson-Weems, 1993), Komguem et Samin's (2005) French Senegalese's 'famillisme', which is an equivalence of 'African womanism
' propagated by the likes of Kolawole (1997) or Ogundipe-Leslie's (1994) Stiwanism.
Alice Walker provides a number or essays and short stories that demonstrate the ways in which Womanism
is lived out through her various characters rather than presenting a manifesto that decrees what the theory looks like.
But there is perhaps no one more qualified to decode Lemonade's symbolism than Omise'eke Tinsley, who has taught a course entitled "Beyonce Feminism, Rihanna Womanism
" at University of Texas-Austin for years.
It wasn't just my fight but a fight for the oppressed and for the entire womanism
. I started in a very soft but concise way: 'Clement, you being a boy does not in any way makes you better and don't you mistake this conversation to mean me coming down to your level but of course, I realise you truly need education; the type you may not be fortunate to get in school.
In order to critically interrogate the representation of women in Happiness is a four-letter word (to be abbreviated Happiness henceforth) and the choices that they make, I draw from ideas developed by a range of womanist scholars such as Clenora Hudson-Weems ("Africana womanism
"), Tiamoyo Karenga and Chimbuko Tembo ("Kaiwada womanism
") among others.
The concept of intersectionality blossomed alongside the popularisation of womanism
and Black feminism in the 1980S and 1990S.
All these colliding factors explain why Li would later claim that she felt deprived of her "discursive rights" as a Chinese feminist when P asked the following questions (Li, Womanism
1) What is feminism in your understanding?
Layli Maparyan identifies this three-word definitional fragment as the "animating impulse of womanism
," which she calls Luxocracy or "rule by Light." According to her, Luxocracy exists as an "Inner Light, the Higher Self, the Soul, the God Within..
In chapter ten, Esther Jones utilizes Africana Womanism
to understand how black women's science fiction can alter the medical discourse by analyzing the imbalanced medical paradigm and establish a culture of health parity.
(2) Like feminism, womanism
is preoccupied with strategies and ways of ending sexism.