xanthophore


Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to xanthophore: Iridophore

xan·tho·phore

 (zăn′thə-fôr′)
n.
A yellow to orange chromatophore of a fish, amphibian, or reptile, containing pteridines and carotenoids.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
EVOLUTION OF THE GCH GENE FAMILY IN VERTEBRATES AND ITS IMPORTANCE FOR XANTHOPHORE DIFFERENTIATION.
Medaka has four main pigments (melanophore, iridophore, leucophore, and xanthophore).
The chromatophores of teleosts are generally classified into seven categories on the basis of their color: melanophore (black), erythrophore (red), xanthophore (yellow), cyanophore (blue), leucophore (white), iridophore (iridescent color), and erythro-iridophore (reddish violet) (1-4).
Pigment cells (chromophores) are melanophores, similar to melanocytes (black), xanthophores (yellow), and iridophores (light grey).
Until recently, almost all research on zebrafish stripes focused on the other two pigment cells: the black cells (called melanophores) and the yellow cells (called xanthophores).
Mature chromatophores are often grouped by the color of their reflectance under white light: xanthophores (yellow), erythrophores (red), iridophores (reflective and/or iridescent), leucophores (white), melanophores (black/brown), and cyanophores (blue).