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Related to Xanthophylls: chlorophyll b, Phycobilins


Any of several yellow carotenoid pigments, including lutein and zeaxanthin, produced by plants and green algae and visible in the leaves of deciduous trees in the autumn. Xanthophylls are also present in some animal tissues such as egg yolks.

xan′tho·phyl′lic, xan′tho·phyl′lous adj.


(ˈzænθəʊfɪl) or


(Elements & Compounds) any of a group of yellow carotenoid pigments occurring in plant and animal tissue
ˌxanthoˈphyllous adj


or xan•tho•phyl

(ˈzæn θə fɪl)

a carotenoid yellow pigment of plants, algae, and other forms, often masked by the green of chlorophyll.
[1830–40; < French xanthophylle. See xantho-, -phyll]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.xanthophyll - yellow carotenoid pigments in plants and animal fats and egg yolks
carotenoid - any of a class of highly unsaturated yellow to red pigments occurring in plants and animals
References in periodicals archive ?
AS CHICKEN FEED Marigold petals have long been used to make egg yolks more vivid, because of their high levels of xanthophylls that result in yellow pigment.
As chicken feed Marigold petals have been used as a means to make egg yolks more vivid, because of their high levels of xanthophylls that result in yellow pigment.
gov/leaves-color/) chemicals in the leaves are responsible for the different colors we see, xanthophylls for example cause the yellows, while carotenoids cause the oranges and anthocyanins bring out the vivid reds.
Macular xanthophylls, lipoprotein-related genes, and age-related macular degeneration.
All ethanol extracts showed the different intensity of brown colour ranging from deep brown to light brown indicating the presence of mono-terpenes and sesquiterpenes (essential oils), di-and triterpenoids (gums and resins), Tetraterpenoids (carotenoids, xanthophylls and carotenoic acids) and polyterpenoid is the rubber (Sameeno, 2007; and Raaman, 2006).
xanthophylls and carotenoids, in feeds) attribute to the differences in colors of skin and fat [20,21].
In addition to Beta carotene, the major xanthophylls pigment found in all Nannochloropsis species are vilaxanthin and a vaucherxanthin-like pigment (Karlson et al.
Effect of micronutrients on flower yield and xanthophylls content of African marigold (Tagetus erecta L.
Among carotenoids of the xanthophylls group, lutein and zeaxanthin (non-provitamin A compounds) are the main substances (VALDUGA et al.
Carotenoids are divided into two classes according to their chemical structure: the carotenes (hydrocarbons, such as [beta]-carotene and lycopene) and the xanthophylls (polar compounds including oxygen atoms in their structure, such as lutein and its structural isomer zeaxanthin) [1].