Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to xeroderma: ichthyosis


 (zîr′ō-dûr′mə) also xe·ro·der·mi·a (-mē-ə)
Excessive or abnormal dryness of the skin, as in ichthyosis.


(ˌzɪərəʊˈdɜːmə) or


1. (Pathology) any abnormal dryness of the skin as the result of diminished secretions from the sweat or sebaceous glands
2. (Pathology) another name for ichthyosis
xerodermatic, ˌxeroˈdermatous, xerodermic adj
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.xeroderma - a mild form of ichthyosis characterized by abnormal dryness and roughness of the skin
ichthyosis - any of several congenital diseases in which the skin is dry and scaly like a fish
xeroderma pigmentosum - a rare genetic condition characterized by an eruption of exposed skin occurring in childhood and photosensitivity with severe sunburn; inherited as a recessive autosomal trait in which DNA repair processes are defective so they are more likely to chromosome breaks and cancers when exposed to ultraviolet light


, xerodermia
n. xeroderma, piel excesivamente seca.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stomach pain, muscle and bone pain, fever, headaches, tachycardia, edema, prolonged Q-T interval on electrocardiography (ECG), chest pain, hypotension, fatigue, headache, insomnia, rigors, paresthesia, anxiety, dizziness, depression, pain, dermatitis, pruritus, xeroderma, diaphoresis, erythema, hypokalemia, hyperglycemia, nausea, sore throat, hypomagnesemia, hyperkalemia, weight gain, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, constipation, and decreased appetite.
In the differential diagnosis, Bazex-Dupre-Christol syndrome, Muir-Torre syndrome, Rombo syndrome, multiple papular trichoepitheliomata, and xeroderma pigmentosum should be considered.
Photodermatoses, such as lupus, actinic prurigo, and xeroderma pigmentosum, are only a few of the skin diseases that are triggered by UV exposure; however, chronic low-dose exposures to UV light, such as those associated with indoor lighting, may also be triggers of such conditions.
This outcome occurred, at least in part, because an enzyme that repairs UV-damaged skin - xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XPA) - shifted its daily cycle to be less active in the day.
Detailed history with recording of various patient variables like age, gender, duration of symptoms, Fitzpatrick skin phototype, skin colour, average daily sun exposure (hours/day), occupation, residence place (rural or urban), exposure to chemicals including pesticides, radiation exposure history, treatment with psoralen UVA (PUVA) or narrow band UVB (NBUVB), smoking, alcohol intake, history of personal or family history of skin cancers, personal or family history of other cancers, history of genetic disorder like xeroderma pigmentosum, albinism and history of previous treatment.
2,3,4,5,6) Prolonged sun exposure, light skin complexion, advanced age, and diseases like Xeroderma pigmentosum and Gorlin syndrome are among the known risk factors for BCC.
Plus de 180 enfants atteints de Xeroderma Pigmentosum, connue sous le nom les [beaucoup moins que] enfants de la lune [beaucoup plus grand que], pris en charge par l'association Essaada (le bonheur) au niveau de la wilaya d'Alger, beneficient durant la saison estivale de sorties nocturnes vers les plages et piscines de la capitale, a indique le vice-president de l'association, Saadi Lahri.
Xeroderma pigmentosum was seen in an 11-year-old black boy who developed squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) on the scalp (Fig.
High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with xeroderma pigmetosum-A under strict sun protection.
Xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XPA) is a genetic disorder in DNA nucleotide excision repair (NER) with severe neurological disorders, in which oxidative stress and disturbed melatonin metabolism may be involved.
Besides ACD, there are many other diseases with the characteristics of cutaneous dyschromia, includes dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria, xeroderma pigmentosum and poikiloderma-like amyloidosis.