xeromorphic


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xer·o·mor·phic

 (zîr′ə-môr′fĭk)
adj.
Of or relating to any of the structural adaptations characteristic of xerophytes, such as water-storing stems or leaves.

xeromorphic

(ˌzɪərəˈmɔːfɪk)
adj
(Botany) (of plants or plant parts) having characteristics that serve as protection against excessive loss of water
References in periodicals archive ?
Many mangroves have also developed some xeromorphic features in order to conserve water, including a thick-walled multi-layered epidermis, thick waxy lamellar cuticle, and hairs or scales on the abaxial surface which cover salt glands and stomata (Ball, 1988; Das & Ghose, 1993; Saenger, 2002).
The dense indumentum with its polyphenol content may replace the protective role of the epidermis in some young xeromorphic leaves.
Indeed, under drought stress, the high relative apoplastic water content (42- 58%), commonly seen in xeromorphic plants would contribute to the retention of water at low leaf water potentials (Rodriguez et al.
2011) in angiosperm woods are more effective than vessel grouping as a xeromorphic feature, because vessels are mostly solitary in woods that have tracheids (or abundant vasicentric tracheids) as an imperforate tracheary element type.
The canopy layer is irregular in height, usually between 7 and 12 m, its cover is sparse (50-60%) and is considered a clear microphyll evergreen forest; the leaves are mainly xeromorphic and mostly microphyllous.
The term "Caatinga" refers to the typical xeromorphic vegetation of the semiarid Brazilian Northeast, which also includes areas of semi-deciduous and cloud forests, covering a total area of 770 442 [km.
Edaphic conditions can further accentuate the effects of drought; for example, in the south, plants on sand and limestone-derived soils can exhibit xeromorphic adaptations that are characteristic of climax forms of vegetation (Moat and Smith 2007).
For Rudall (2007), the presence of a hypodermis may be a xeromorphic feature, as well as the presence of thick cuticles and epidermis, which in combination would diminish the light intensity reaching the photosynthetic tissue.
Winds induce xeromorphic characteristics in plants, also causing processes of anemomorphosys.
Drought favors oak recruitment and dominance because relative to other deciduous hardwood species, oaks have deep roots, xeromorphic leaves, and an ability to adjust osmotically, conferring drought tolerance (Bahari et al.
Mainly xeromorphic species take place in this zone: Artemisia,, Testuca sulcata (Hack.