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Extreme dryness and thickening of the conjunctiva, often resulting from a deficiency of vitamin A.

xer′oph·thal′mic adj.


(Pathology) pathol excessive dryness of the cornea and conjunctiva, caused by a deficiency of vitamin A. Also called: xeroma
ˌxerophˈthalmic adj


(ˌzɪər ɒfˈθæl mi ə, -ɒp-)

abnormal dryness of the eye caused by a deficiency of tears.
[1650–60; xer- + ophthalmia]
xe`roph•thal′mic, adj.

xerophthalmia, xerophthalmy

a form of conjunctivitis, the result of a deficiency of vitamin A, marked by a dry and dull condition of the eyeball. Also called xeroma.
See also: Eyes
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.xerophthalmia - abnormal dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eyes; may be due to a systemic deficiency of vitamin A
dryness, waterlessness, xerotes - the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water)


n. xeroftalmia, sequedad excesiva de la conjuntiva causada por deficiencia de vitamina A.
References in periodicals archive ?
31) IgG4-related disease can be differentiated from SS by lower rate of xerophthalmia, xerostomia and arthralgias as well as higher rate of allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, autoimmune pancreatitis, and interstitial nephritis.
Xerophile xerophily's xerophthalmia, xerophthalmic.
Ocular Defects Related to Nutritional Disorders II-64 Xerophthalmia, Caused by Vitamin A Deficiency II-64 Deficiency of Thiamine Leads to Amblyopia II- II-64 Retinal Anemia and Optic Atrophy Due to Vitamin B-12 DeficiencyII- II-64 Vitamin C Deficiency Leads to Eye Related HemorrhagesII- II-64 C.
Vitamin A deficiency was found to be a public health problem in the country according to WHO criteria with Xerophthalmia diagnosed in 5.
Xerophthalmia refers to the entire clinical spectrum of ocular manifestations caused by VAD.
It's deficiency can also cause xerophthalmia in some people, a condition in which the eye fails to produce tears leaving it completely dry," says Dr Kinshuk Biswas, ophthalmologist, Columbia Asia Hospital.
In many parts of the world, vitamin A deficiency results in blindness, xerophthalmia, and dryness of the eyes, which results in conjunctival ulcers and infection and is the leading cause of blindness in the world.
Vitamin A deficiency affects the severity of illness and the rate of deaths associated with measles, and it is known to induce severe measles-related complications in children, delaying recovery and promoting xerophthalmia, corneal ulcer, and blindness (7,8,10).
Ocular morbid conditions are cataract, refractive errors, Xerophthalmia, Pterygium, strabismus, dacryocystitis, etc; are some of them.
Deficiency of antioxidants causes various diseases in poultry such as retarded growth, weakness, ruffled feather, blindness, xerophthalmia etc (Hill et al.
Some 40 million children are afflicted with xerophthalmia, an eye disease that can cause blindness, and 250 million people suffer health problems because of a lack of dietary vitamin A.
Deficiency of vitamin A causes night blindness, xerophthalmia, keratomalacia, perifollicular hyperkeratosis of the skin, and increased susceptibility to infection (15).