Congener response reduces risks from bottom-up and top-down forces: behavioral parsimony by a xylophage
. American Entomologist 58: 106-115.
I'd be "xylophage
" one day, then "dross-man," then "pusillani-mouse."
Note: Trophic group assignments: F = fungivore, Pr = predator, S = saprophage, and X = xylophage
. Body size is the mean of all individuals.
Colonization of wood substrates by the aquatic xylophage
Xylotopus par (Diptera: Chironomidae) and a description of its life history.
Another advantage of thermal modification, regarding increased xylophages
attack resistance, is that this process does not use toxic chemical products, which are potentially harmful to human beings and domestic animals.
The branch girdling is considered a keystone process to the structure of the arthropod community composed of predators, parasitoids and xylophages
that inhabit these branches (Calderon-Cortes et al.
Pests' plaque, like insects (xylophages
Ips typographus), fungi (honey fungus Armillaria mellea), and so forth, spread.