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Related to xylose: Lyxose, xylopyranose, xylose test


A crystalline monosaccharide, C5H10O5, that is a component of most hemicelluloses in plants. Also called wood sugar.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈzaɪləʊz; -ləʊs)
(Elements & Compounds) a white crystalline dextrorotatory sugar found in the form of xylan in wood and straw. It is extracted by hydrolysis with acids and used in dyeing, tanning, and in foods for diabetics. Formula: C5H10O5
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈzaɪ loʊs)

a colorless pentose sugar, C5H10O5, used in dyeing, tanning, and diabetic foods.
[1890–95; < Greek xýl(on) wood + -ose2]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.xylose - a sugar extracted from wood or straw; used in foods for diabetics
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
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References in periodicals archive ?
The market prices of xylose and glucose are about US$3,500 and US$350 per ton, respectively, he said.
[8.] Ciampolini M (1976) Influence of environmental temperature on xylose absorption in man.
The enzyme activity was calculated by using the following formula; One unit of xylanase was defined as the amount of enzyme required to release 1[micro]mol of xylose from birch wood xylan in one minute under standard assay conditions.
Yassien and Jiman-Fatani suggested that supplement with 1% xylose in medium resulted in the maximal amount of glucose isomerase from Streptomyces albaduncus as compared to a variety of alternative carbon sources including glucose, lactose, maltose, mannitol, fructose, sucrose, inositol, galactose, and arabinose [17].
These reports also have confirmed the substituents of the polysaccharides, such as xylose, glucose, and uronic acids, by NMR and GC-MS analysis [2-4].
Results of various studies have shown that xylose as a nectar sugar does not commonly form a large constituent of nectar consumed by Cape sugarbirds, although it is present in a small proportion of the Proteaceae, which form a large part of the Cape sugarbirds nectar diet.
The presence of readily metabolizable carbon sources like glucose, cellobiose, xylobiose, or xylose represses the synthesis of xylanase enzymes for the utilization of certain carbon sources such as xylan or cellulose and the process is known as catabolite repression.
Thus, various studies have demonstrated the potential of use of fermentable sugars, such as glucose and xylose, in the biosynthesis of products like ethanol and xylitol.
Induction of protein expression of all vectors is achieved by the tightly regulated and efficiently inducible xylose operon.