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 (yo͝or-sĕlf′, yôr-, yər-)
1. That one identical with you:
a. Used reflexively as the direct or indirect object of a verb or as the object of a preposition: Did you buy yourself a gift?
b. Used for emphasis: You yourself were certain of the facts.
c. Used in an absolute construction: In office yourself, you helped push the bill along.
2. Your normal or healthy condition: Are you feeling yourself again? See Usage Note at myself.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(jɔːˈsɛlf; jʊə-)
pron, pl -selves
a. the reflexive form of you
b. (intensifier): you yourself control your destiny.
2. (preceded by a copula) your normal or usual self: you're not yourself these days.
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(yʊərˈsɛlf, yɔr-, yoʊr-, yər-)

pron., pl. -selves (-ˈsɛlvz)
1. a reflexive form of you (used as the direct or indirect object of a verb or the object of a preposition): Did you ever ask yourself, “Why” ? You can think for yourself.
2. (used as an intensifier): a letter you yourself wrote.
3. (used in absolute constructions): Yourself so sensitive, how can you ignore my feelings?
4. (used in place of you in various compound and comparative constructions): Ted and yourself have been elected; a girl no older than yourself.
5. your normal or customary self: You'll soon be yourself again.
6. oneself: The surest way is to do it yourself.
usage: See myself.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.



When you is the subject of a verb and refers to one person, you use yourself as the object of the verb or of a preposition in the clause to refer to the same person.

Are you feeding yourself properly?
You're making a fool of yourself.

When you refers to more than one person, you use yourselves as the object of the verb or preposition.

I hope you both behaved yourselves.
Are you looking after yourselves?

Yourself and yourselves are often used in imperative structures.

Control yourself.
Please help yourselves to another drink.

Yourself and yourselves can also be used to emphasize the subject of a clause.

You don't even know it yourself.
You must sort this out yourselves.

If you do something yourself, you do it without any help from anyone else.

Did you write this yourself?

When you are using you to refer to people in general, the reflexive form is yourself, not 'yourselves'.

If you find yourself in debt you must start dealing with it immediately.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:


by yourself
1. on your own, independently, solo, single-handedly, unaided, without help, unassisted, without assistance, under your own steam, off your own bat I'd rather do it by myself, thanks.
2. alone, separately, on your own, singly, unaccompanied, friendless, unescorted, on your tod (slang), companionless, in a solitary state He was sitting all by himself.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
بِنَفْسِك، بِدون مُساعَدَهنَفْسَكنَفْسُكنَفسَك: تُسْتَعْمَل للتَّوْكيد
dig selvjer selvselvdig
itseoma itsesinä itse
saját magate magadegymagadmagadmagadat
òig, òérsjálfursjálfur, hjálparlaust
당신 자신
du själv
kendinkendinekendinikendiniztek başına
chính bạn


[jəˈself] PRON (yourselves (pl)) [jəˈselvz]
1. (reflexive)
1.1. (familiar) → te
have you hurt yourself?¿te has hecho daño?
1.2. (formal) → se
have you hurt yourself?¿se ha hecho daño?
2. (for emphasis)
2.1. (familiar) → mismo/a
you did it yourselftú mismo lo hiciste
do it yourself!¡hazlo tú mismo!
you yourself said sotú mismo lo dijiste
2.2. (formal) → usted mismo/a
you did it yourselfusted mismo lo hizo
you yourself said sousted mismo lo dijo
3. (after a preposition)
3.1. (familiar) → ti mismo/a
you did it for yourselflo hiciste para ti mismo
3.2. (formal) → usted mismo/a
you did it for yourselflo hizo para usted mismo
(all) by yourselfsin ayuda de nadie
did you come by yourself?¿viniste solo?
4. = oneself
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[jɔːrˈsɛlf jʊərˈsɛlf] pron
(reflexive, familiar form)te; (polite form)vous
Have you hurt yourself, Amy? → Est-ce que tu t'es fait mal, Amy?
Have you hurt yourself, sir? → Est-ce que vous vous êtes fait mal, monsieur?
(after preposition, familiar form)toi; (polite form)vous
Tell me about yourself! → Parlez-moi de vous!
by yourself → tout seul(e)
(emphatic, familiar form)toi-même; (polite form)vous-même
Do it yourself! → Fais-le toi-même!
You yourself told me.; You told me yourself → C'est toi qui me l'a dit.
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


pron pl <yourselves>
(reflexive) (German familiar form) (sing) (acc) → dich; (dat) → dir; (pl) → euch; (German polite form: sing, pl) → sich; have you hurt yourself?hast du dir/haben Sie sich wehgetan?; you never speak about yourselfdu redest nie über dich (selbst)/Sie reden nie über sich (selbst)
(emph)selbst; you yourself told me, you told me yourselfdu hast/Sie haben mir selbst gesagt; you are not quite yourself todaydu bist heute gar nicht du selbst, du bist/Sie sind heute irgendwie verändert or anders; how’s yourself? (inf)und wie gehts dir/Ihnen?; you will see for yourselfdu wirst/Sie werden selbst sehen; did you do it by yourself?hast du/haben Sie das allein gemacht?
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[jəˈsɛlf] pers pron (yourselves (pl)) [jəˈsɛlvz]
a. (reflexive, sg) → ti; (pl) → vi; (sg, polite) → si; (pl, very formal) → si
have you hurt yourself? → ti sei (or si è) fatto male?
have you hurt yourselves? → vi siete (or si sono) fatti male?
b. (emphatic, sg) → tu stesso/a; (pl) → voi stessi/e; (sg, polite) → lei stesso/a; (pl, very formal) → loro stessi/e
you yourself told me → me l'hai detto proprio tu, tu stesso me l'hai detto
c. (after prep) → te, te stesso/a; (polite) → lei, lei stesso/a; (pl) → voi, voi stessi/e; (very formal) → loro, loro stessi/e
(all) by yourself → (tutto) da solo
d. (impersonal, reflexive) → si; (emphatic) → se stessi; (after prep) → sé, se stessi
see also oneself
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(joː) , ((American) juər) adjective
belonging to you. your house/car.
yours (joːz) , ((American) juərz) pronoun
something belonging to you. This book is yours; Yours is on that shelf.
yourˈself (-ˈselvz) plural yourˈselves pronoun
1. used as the object of a verb or preposition when the person(s) spoken or written to is/are the object(s) of an action he/they perform(s). Why are you looking at yourselves in the mirror?; You can dry yourself with this towel.
2. used to emphasize you. You yourself can't do it, but you could ask someone else to do it.
3. without help etc. You can jolly well do it yourself!
yours (faithfully/sincerely/truly)
expressions written before one's signature at the end of a letter.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


نَفْسُك sám dig selv du selbst εσύ ο ίδιος te, usted mismo sinä itse toi-même sebe te stesso あなた自身 당신 자신 jezelf deg selv siebie você mesmo себя du själv ตัวคุณเอง kendini chính bạn 您自己
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
What are you, sir, that you should set yourself up as a god, and presume to dispute possession of my heart with Him to whom I owe all I have and all I am, every blessing I ever did or ever can enjoy - and yourself among the rest - if you are a blessing, which I am half inclined to doubt.'
"You ought to be ashamed of yourself, teasing an old man like that-- and in your position, too."
You should accustom yourself, to walking straight forward without twisting from side to side."
'Made a pretty considerable fool of yourself, didn't you, with your revolvers and your hidings and your trailings?
I am gratified by your reference, and this is my advice: that you come to town yourself, without loss of time, but that you leave Frederica behind.
Perhaps you never thought of that, Barbara--perhaps you never said to yourself, "How could HE get on without me?" You see, I have grown so accustomed to you.
You become stupid, restless, and irritable; rude to strangers and dangerous toward your friends; clumsy, maudlin, and quarrelsome; a nuisance to yourself and everybody about you.
In either case it will always be more advantageous for you to declare yourself and to make war strenuously; because, in the first case, if you do not declare yourself, you will invariably fall a prey to the conqueror, to the pleasure and satisfaction of him who has been conquered, and you will have no reasons to offer, nor anything to protect or to shelter you.
That's my advice: never marry till you can say to yourself that you have done all you are capable of, and until you have ceased to love the woman of your choice and have seen her plainly as she is, or else you will make a cruel and irrevocable mistake.
"You have been too hasty and too confident about yourself and about me.
If you wish to please them, you must sell yourself to some rich vampire of the factories or great landlord.
"It follows, then, my lord,' she added, "that you, who are a man of feeling, will soon quit France in order to shut yourself up with your wealth and your relics of the past."